Speech Characteristics

  • Harry Hollien
Part of the Applied Psycholinguistics and Communication Disorders book series (APCD)


The last chapter was organized in such a way as to provide you with a basic introduction to the physical properties of sound. As I explained, a fundamental knowledge of acoustics is very important if you are to understand what has happened to the signal when (1) it is distorted (surveillance), (2) several electronic signatures from the same machine prove inconsistent (tape authentication), (3) a pair of spectra appear to match when in actuality they do not (speaker identification), and so on. In short, acoustic analysis can be employed to explain how messages and other speech information are produced/transmitted, and what can go wrong. Moreover, the electronic transfer of similar types of information tends to parallel these acoustic processes; hence, they are easier to understand if you have some appreciation of acoustics and sound transmission.


Hair Cell Soft Palate Eustachian Tube Vocal Tract Speech Sound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Denes, P. B. and Pinson, E. N. (1963) The Speech Chain, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Baltimore, Waverly Press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dickson, D. R. and Dickson, W. M. (1982) Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech, Boston, Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fant, G. (1973) Speech Sounds and Features, Cambridge, MA, The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hirsh, Ira (1952) Measurement of Hearing, New York, McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hollien, H. (1975) Neural Control of the Speech Mechanism, in The Nervous System, Vol. 3, Human Communication and Its Disorders (D.B. Tower, Ed.), New York, The Raven Press, 483–491.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hollien, H. and Gould, W. J. (1990) A Neuro-Anatomical Model For Laryngeal Control, J. of Voice, 4 (in press).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hultzen, L. S., Allen, J. H. D., Jr. and Miron, M.S. (1964) Tables of Transitional Frequencies of English Phonemes, Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ladefoged, P. (1975) A Course in Phonetics, New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Noback, C. R. (1967) The Human Nervous System, New York, McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peterson, G. E. and Barney, H. L. (1952) Control Methods Used in the Study of Vowels, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 24:175–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pick, T. P. and Howden, R. (1974) Gray’s Anatomy, Philadelphia, Running Press (Reprinted and Revised).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Satalof, J. and Michael, P. (1973) Hearing Conservation, Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shriberg, L. D. and Kent, R. D. (1982) Clinical Phonetics, New York, John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thomas, C. K. (1958) An Introduction to the Phonetics of American English, New York, The Ronald Press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tower, D. B. (Ed.) (1975) The Nervous System (Four Volumes), New York, Raven Press.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wakita, H. (1977) Normalization of Vowels by Vocal Tract Length and Its Application to Vowel Identification, Trans., Acoust., Speech, Signal Process, ASSP 25:183–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yost, W. A. and Neilson, D. W. (1977) Fundamentals of Hearing, New York, Holt, Rinehart, Winston.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zemlin, W. (1968) Speech and Hearing Science, Anatomy and Physiology, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Hollien
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations