Fatigue Damage Assessment by X-Ray Diffraction and Nondestructive Life Assessment Methodology

  • Robert N. Pangborn
  • Sam Y. Zamrik


X-Ray diffraction (XRD) has been employed to evaluate cumulative damage incurred under both high cycle fatigue (HCF) and low cycle fatigue (LCF) conditions. Additional objectives of the study were to correlate the x-ray diffraction data to the microstructural characteristics and deformation mechanisms activated by various fatigue regimes and to develop a methodology for nondestructive assessment of remaining life.


Fatigue Life Stress Amplitude High Cycle Fatigue Position Sensitive Detector Plastic Strain Amplitude 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Taira, S., Gotto, T., and Nakano, Y., 1969, X-Ray Investigation on Low-Cycle Fatigue of Low Carbon Steel, in: “Proc. 12th Japanese Congress on Materials Research,” Society of Materials Science, Kyoto, Japan, 8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gould, R. W., and Pitella, CF., 1973, An X-Ray Investigation of Fatigue Behavior of Cold Worked Aluminum, Adv. X-Rav Anal. 16:354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wan, CM., and Byrne, J. G., 1975, Correlation of X-Ray and Electron Microscope Studies of Fatigue, Int. J. Fracture. 11:251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Koves, G., 1976, Correlation of Residual Stress Level and Fatigue Damage in Face Centered Cubic Metals, in: Microstructural Science. American Elsevier Publishing Co., 4:233.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alexopoulos, P., and Byrne, J. G., 1978, Positron Lifetime & X-Ray Particle Size Measurements During High Cycle Fatigue of AISI 4340 Steel, Met. Trans. 9A:1892.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weiss, V., Oshida, Y., and Wu, A., 1980, Towards Practical Non-Destructive Fatigue Damage Indicators, J. Nondest. Eval., 1:207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Takechi, H., Namba, K., Fujiwara, K., and Kawasaki, K., 1981, Evaluation of Subsurface Fatigue Damge in Strip Mill Rolls by An X-Ray Diffraction Method, Trans. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn., 21:92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Field, J. L., Behnaz, F., and Pangborn, R. N., 1983, Characterization of Microplasticity Developed During Fatigue, in: “Fatigue Mechanisms: Advances in Quantitative Measurement of Physical Damage,” ASTM-STP 811, 71.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pangborn, R. N., Weissmann, S., and Kramer, I. R., 1981, Dislocation Distribution and Prediction of Fatigue Damage. Met. Trans. 12A, 109.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pangborn, R. N., Yazici, R., Tsakalakos, T., Weissmann, S., and Kramer, I. R., 1979, Determination of Prefracture Damage in Fatigued and Stress-Corroded Materials by X-Ray Double Crystal Diffractometry, in: “Proc. Symp. Accuracy in Powder Diffr.,” National Bureau of Standards, Spec. Pub. 567, 443.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yazici, R., Mayo, W., Takemoto, T., and Weissmann, S., 1983, Defect Structure Analysis of Polycrstalline Materials by Computer-Controlled Double Crystal Diffractometer with Position Sensitive Detector, J. Appl. Cryst., 16:89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hertzberg, R. W., 1989, “Deformation and Fracture of Engineering Materials,” 3rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, NY, 500.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zamrik, S. Y. and Pangborn, R. N., 1989, Fatigue Damage Assessment Using X-Ray Diffraction Methods, Nuclear Engineering Design. 116:407–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert N. Pangborn
    • 1
  • Sam Y. Zamrik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Science & MechanicsThe Penn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations