Hispanic Employment in the Public Sector
Government jobs have traditionally been viewed as “good” ones—more secure and with better fringe benefits, if not better paid, than jobs in the private sector that require similar levels of skill. Thus, they are potentially an important avenue for the economic advancement of minorities. Moreover, public-sector opportunities have been enhanced by the rapid expansion in the absolute and in the relative size of the public sector since World War II. Growth in total employment has been particularly rapid at the state and local levels. Although this growth has slowed somewhat in recent years, the shift of resources toward the public sector suggests that public employment would have been an important source of new jobs for all groups, even if hiring, promotion, and compensation patterns by race and gender were the same in the public and in the private sectors. Previous research indicates, however, that governments have been more “open” to blacks and women than have private firms. These groups have a higher percentage employed in the public sector, and a higher percentage in public-sector professional and managerial occupations, than do white men; moreover, blacks and women earn more for given human capital characteristics in the public sector than they do in the private sector (Reimers, 1985; Smith, 1977).
KeywordsHuman Capital Public Sector Public Employment Veteran Status Hispanic Group
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Abowd, J. M., & M. R. Killingsworth. (1985). Employment, wages, and earnings of Hispanics in the federal and nonfederal sectors: Methodological issues and their empirical consequences. In G. J. Borjas & M. Tienda, Eds., Hispanics in the U. S. economy (pp. 77–125 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Hirsch, W. Z. (1984). Urban economics. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Kitagawa, E. M. (1964). Standardized comparisons in population research. Demography, 1, 296315.Google Scholar
- Reimers, C. (1985). A comparative analysis of the wages of Hispanics, blacks, and non-Hispanic whites. In G. J. Borjas & M. Tienda, Eds., Hispanics in the U. S. economy (pp. 27–75 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Reimers, C., & H. Chernick. (1990). Hispanic employment in municipal government: Factors facilitating and hindering access to jobs. Working Paper No. 8, IUP/SSRC Committee for Public Policy Research on Contemporary Hispanic Issues, The Center for Mexican American Studies, The University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
- Smith, S. P. (1977). Equal pay in the public sector: Fact or fantasy. Princeton: Industrial Relations Section, Princeton University.Google Scholar
- U. S. Bureau of the Census. (December, 1983 ). 1980 census of population, Vol. 1: Characteristics of the population, Chapter C: General social and economic characteristics, Part 1, U. S. Summary. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar