Skip to main content

Wage Policies, Employment, and Puerto Rican Migration

  • Chapter

Part of the Environment, Development and Public Policy book series (EDPP)

Abstract

It is necessary to understand the forces influencing Puerto Rican migration to truly assess the economic status of Puerto Ricans in the United States. The migratory response reflects the aspirations of workers and their families and represents a relative dissatisfaction with economic conditions on the island. Moreover, the Puerto Rican migratory phenomenon is fundamentally different from the place-to-place European migrations of the twentieth century or the periodic movements of workers from Yugoslavia and Turkey to Western European countries. The Puerto Rican experience is characterized by both features. There is a good deal of cyclical mobility of workers between the island and the United States and longer-term secular movements from the island to the United States. My contention in this chapter is that we must examine both the cyclical and secular nature of Puerto Rican migration to fully comprehend its effects on the economic status of the Puerto Rican population in the United States.

Keywords

  • Minimum Wage
  • Population Growth Rate
  • Informal Sector
  • Demographic Transition
  • Labor Mobility

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4899-0655-7_11
  • Chapter length: 21 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4899-0655-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Atnemiya, T. (1985). Advanced econometrics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fields, G. S. (1975). Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment. Journal of Development Economics, 2, 165–187.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fields, G. S. (1982). Place-to-place migration in Colombia. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 30, 539–558.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fleisher, B. (1963). Some economic aspects of Puerto Rican migration to the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics, 45, 245–253.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Friedlander, S. (1965). Labor migration and economic growth. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris, J. R., & M. P. Todaro. (1970). Migration, unemployment and development: A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review, 60, 126–142.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maldonado, R. (1976). Why Puerto Ricans migrated to the United States in 1947–1973? Monthly Labor Review, 99, 7–18.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mincer, J. (1976). Unemployment effects of minimum wages. Journal of Political Economy, 84, 87104.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ortiz, V. (1987). Changes in the characteristics of Puerto Rican migrants from 1955 to 1980. International Migration Review, 20, 612–628.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Reynolds, L. (1965). Wages and employment in the labor-surplus economy. American Economic Review, 55, 19–39.

    Google Scholar 

  • Reynolds, L., & P. Gregory. (1965). Wages, productivity, and industrialization in Puerto Rico. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rivera-Batiz, F. (1987). Is there a brain drain of Puerto Ricans to the United States? Puerto Rico Business Review, 12, 1–5.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenzweig, M. R., & O. Stark. (1989). Consumption smoothing, migration, and marriage: Evidence from rural India. Journal of Political Economy, 97, 905–926.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rottenberg, S. (1950). Labor cost in the Puerto Rican economy. Puerto Rico: Labor Relations Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  • Santiago, C. E. (1986). Closing the gap: The employment and unemployment effects of minimum wage policy in Puerto Rico. Journal of Development Economics, 23, 293–311.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Santiago, C. E. (1989). The dynamics of minimum wage policy in economic development:A multiple time series approach. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 38, 130.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Santiago, C. E., & E. Thorbecke. (1984). Regional and technological dualism: A dual-dual development framework applied to Puerto Rico. Journal of Development Studies, 20, 271–289.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Santiago, C. E., & E. Thorbecke. (1988). A multisectoral framework for the analysis of labor mobility and development in LDCs: An application to postwar Puerto Rico. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 37, 127–148.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schultz, T. (1982). Lifetime migration within educational strata in Venezuela: Estimates of a logistic model. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 30, 559–594.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stark, O. (1984). Rural-to-urban migration in LDCs: A relative deprivation approach. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 32, 475–486.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • U. S. Department of Commerce. (1979). Economic study of Puerto Rico. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weisskoff, R. (1985). Factories and food stamps: The Puerto Rican model of development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1991 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Santiago, C.E. (1991). Wage Policies, Employment, and Puerto Rican Migration. In: Melendez, E., Rodriguez, C., Figueroa, J.B. (eds) Hispanics in the Labor Force. Environment, Development and Public Policy. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0655-7_11

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0655-7_11

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4899-0657-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4899-0655-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive