The Functional Significance of Organismic Individuality

The Sample Case of Temperament
  • Rachna Talwar
  • Katherine Nitz
  • Jacqueline V. Lerner
  • Richard M. Lerner
Part of the Perspectives on Individual Differences book series (PIDF)


Developmental psychology, as a discipline, has tended to focus more on normative, developmental functions (Wohlwill, 1973) than on interindividual variation in developmental trajectories. This emphasis is changing, due to an increasing concern with biological bases of human individuality (Lerner, 1984; Plomin, 1986) and with multidirectional, life-span changes in psychological capacities and behavioral functions (Baltes, 1987). Research in our laboratory is associated with this latter concern, that is, with the nature, bases, and functional significance of interindividual variation in human development across life (e. g., Lerner & Lerner, 1983, 1987, 1989). It is because of this concern with the person’s individuality that we have been drawn to the study of temperament.


Grade Point Average Sixth Grade Seventh Grade Academic Competence Temperament Factor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachna Talwar
    • 1
  • Katherine Nitz
    • 1
  • Jacqueline V. Lerner
    • 1
  • Richard M. Lerner
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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