Comprehensive Cognitive Disputing in RET

  • Raymond DiGiuseppe
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Disputing irrational beliefs has always been at the heart of RET. However, my 13 years’ experience in teaching therapists to do RET has revealed that disputing is the art of the science and the hardest thing about RET to teach. Most new therapists learn how to identify the activating event, the emotional consequences, and then the irrational belief. Once the client reveals his or her irrational belief, the therapist asks, “Where’s the evidence?” The client looks confused and says, “I guess there is none.” And the therapist assumes that the client has “got it” and responds, “What other problem would you like to discuss?” As therapists develop more experience, they spend more time disputing. They somehow develop a guide to all of the possible disputes that are available to use with a specific type of problem or a specific irrational belief.


Cognitive Therapy Emotional Disturbance Irrational Belief Rational Belief Personal Epistemology 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond DiGiuseppe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySt. John’s UniversityJamaicaUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Rational-Emotive TherapyNew YorkUSA

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