Psychological Messages and Social Context

Strategies for Increasing RET’s Effectiveness with Women
  • Janet L. Wolfe
  • Hedwin Naimark
Chapter
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)

Abstract

Effective RET involves helping clients to help themselves by questioning the should’s, the awfulizing, and the self-downing that lead to emotional disturbance and that limit one’s options in living a happy, productive, and fulfilled life.

Keywords

Irrational Belief Feminist Issue Female Therapist Male Therapist Female Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychological Association Task Force. (1978). Report of the Task Force on Sex Bias and Sex Role Stereotyping in Psychotherapeutic Practice: Guidelines for therapy with women. American Psychologist, 33, 1122–1133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbach, L. (1975). For yourself: The fulfillment of female sexuality. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  3. Baruch, G., & Barnett, R. (1983). Correlates of fathers’ participation in family work: A technical report. Wellesley, MA: Wellesley College Center for Research on Women.Google Scholar
  4. Bern, S. L., & Lenney, E. (1976). Sex-typing and the avoidance of cross-sex behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 48–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bernardez-Bonesatti, T. (1976). Unconscious beliefs about women affecting psychotherapy. North Carolina Journal of Mental Health, 7(5), 63–66.Google Scholar
  6. Block, J. (1973). Conceptions of sex role: Some cross-cultural and longitudinal perspectives. American Psychologist, 28(6), 512–526.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boston Women’s Health Collective. (1976). Our bodies, ourselves. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  8. Brehoney, K. (1983). Women and agoraphobia: A case for the etiological significance of the feminine sex-role stereotype. In V. Franks & E. Rothblum (Eds.), Sex role stereotypes and women’s mental health (pp. 112–128). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Brodsky, A. M., & Hare-Mustin, R. T. (Eds.). (1980). Women and psychotherapy: An assessment of research and practice. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  10. Brody, C. (Ed.). (1987). Women’s therapy groups: Paradigms of feminist treatment. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. Broverman, C., Broverman, D., Clarkson, F., Rosenkrantz, P., & Vogel, S. (1970). Sex role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 1–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chambers, D. L., & Wenk, N. M. (1982). Feminist versus nonfeminist therapy: The client’s perspective. Women and Therapy, 1(2), 57–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chesler, P. (1972). Women and madness. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  14. Colao, F. (1983). Therapists coping with sexual assault. In J. Robbins & R. Siegel (Eds.), Women changing therapy (pp. 205–214). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  15. Davis, D., & Padesky, C. (1990). Enhancing cognitive therapy with women. In A. Freeman, K. Simon, L. Buetler, & H. Arkowitz (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of cognitive therapy (pp. 535–557). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  16. Denmark, F. (1980). From rocking the cradle to rocking the boat. American Psychologist, 35(12), 1057–1065.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ellis, A. (1962). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press.Google Scholar
  18. Ellis, A. (1974). Treatment of sex and love problems in women. In V. Franks & V. Burtle (Eds.), Women in therapy (pp. 284–306). New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  19. Ellis, A. (1985). Overcoming resistance. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Ellis, A., & Becker, I. (1982). A guide to personal happiness. North Hollywood, CA: Wilshire Books.Google Scholar
  21. Fodor, I. (1990). On turning 50: No longer young—not yet old. The Behavior Therapist, 13(20), 39–44.Google Scholar
  22. Frank, J. (1973). Persuasion and healing. New York: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
  23. Franks, V. (1982). Psychotherapy and women: Letter No. 79. Belle Mead, NJ: Carrier Foundation.Google Scholar
  24. Freud, S(ophie). (1985, December). Women. Workshop presented at The Evolution of Psychotherapy Conference, Phoenix, Arizona.Google Scholar
  25. Gigy, L. L. (1980). Self-concept of single women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5(2), 321–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gornick, V., & Morgan, R. (Eds.). (1972). Woman in sexist society. New York: Signet.Google Scholar
  27. Haan, N., & Livson, N. (1973). Sex differences in the eyes of expert personality assessors: Blind spots? Journal of Personality Assessment, 37, 486–492.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Henley, N. M. (1977). Body politics: Power, sex and nonverbal communication. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  29. Heppner, P. P. (1981). Counseling men in groups. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 60, 249–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Heriot, J. (1983). The double bind: Healing the split. In J. Robbins & R. Siegel (Eds.), Women changing therapy (pp. 11–28). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  31. Hite, S. (1976). The Hite report. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  32. Howard, K. I., & Orlinsky, P. E. (1979). What effect does therapist gender have on outcome for women in psychotherapy? Paper presented at the American Psychological Association, New York.Google Scholar
  33. Kanter, R. M. (1977). Men and women of the corporation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  34. Kelly, J. A., Kern, J. M., Kirkley, B. G., Patterson, N. N., & Keane, F. M. (1980). Reactions to assertive versus nonassertive behavior: Differential effects for males and females, and implications for assertive training. Behavior Therapy, 11, 670–682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kravetz, D. (1978). Consciousness-raising groups in the 1970’s. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 3(3), 168–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Krulewitz, J. E. (1981). Sex differences in evaluations of female and male victims’ responses to assault. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 11(5), 460–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Krulewitz, J. E., & Nash, J. (1979). Effects of rape victim resistance, assault outcome, and sex of observer on attributions about rape. Journal of Personality, 47(4), 557–574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Krumboltz, H. B., & Shapiro, J. (1979). Counseling women in behavioral self-direction. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 4, 415–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lamb, M. E. (Ed.). (1976). The role of the father in child development. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  40. Lerner, H. E. (1978). On the comfort of patriarchal solutions: Some reflections on Brown’s paper. Journal of Personality and Social Systems, 1(3), 47–50.Google Scholar
  41. Lerner, H. E. (1988). Women in therapy. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  42. Maracek, J., Kravetz, D., & Finn, S. (1979). Comparison of women who enter feminist therapy and women who enter traditional therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47(4), 734–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mendell, D. (1984). Cross-gender supervision of cross-gender therapy. New York: Postgraduate Center for Mental health.Google Scholar
  44. Milwid, B. (1983). Breaking in: Experiences in male-dominated professions. In J. Robbins & R. Siegel (Eds.), Women changing therapy (pp. 67–79). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  45. Mogul, K. M. (1982). Overview: The sex of the therapist. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 1–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Morgan, R. (Ed.). (1970). Sisterhood is powerful: An anthology of writings from the women’s liberation movement. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  47. Nadelson, C. C., & Notman, M. T. (1981). To marry or not to marry: A choice. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138(10), 1352–1356.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Naimark, H., & the staff of Catalyst. (1987). New roles for men and women: A report on an educational intervention with college students. New York: Catalyst.Google Scholar
  49. Norton, E. (1981). Remarks at First Annual Women in Crisis Conference. In P. Russianiff (Ed.), Women in crisis (pp. 24–31). New York: Human Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  50. O’Hare, J., & Taylor, K. (1983). The reality of incest. In J. Robbins & R. Siegel (Eds.), Women changing therapy (pp. 215–230). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  51. Oliver, R. (1977). The “empty nest syndrome” as a focus of depression: A cognitive treatment model, based on rational-emotive therapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 14(1), 87–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. O’Neil, J. M. (1981). Male sex role conflicts, sexism, and masculinity: Psychological implications for men, women, and the counseling psychologist. Counseling Psychologist, 9, 61–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Orbach, S. (1978). Fat is a feminist issue. New York: Paddington Press.Google Scholar
  54. Pleck, J. H. (1981). The myth of masculinity. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  55. Pleck, J. H. (1985). Working wives, working husbands. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  56. Resick, P. (1985). Sex role considerations for the behavior therapist. In M. Hersen & A. Bellack (Eds.), Handbook of clinical behavior therapy with adults. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  57. Reskin, B. (1984). Sex segregation in the work place. In Gender at work: Perspectives on occupational segregation in comparable worth. Washington, DC: Women’s Research and Education Institute of the Congressional Caucus for Women’s Issues.Google Scholar
  58. Robbins, J., & Siegel, R. (Eds.). (1983). Women changing therapy. New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  59. Rothblum, E. (1983). Sex role stereotypes and depression in women. In V. Franks & E. Rothblum (Eds.), Sex role stereotypes and women’s mental health (pp. 83–111). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  60. Sargent, A. (1977). Beyond sex roles. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.Google Scholar
  61. Spence, J. T., Deaux, K., & Helmreich, R. L. (1985). Sex roles in contemporary American society. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 149-178). New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  62. Tepper, S. (1977). The great orgasm robbery. Lakewood, CO: RAJ Publications.Google Scholar
  63. Turkington, C. (1989). Body image in girls pushes rate of depression up. APA Monitor. Google Scholar
  64. Walen, S., DiGiuseppe, R., & Wessler, R. L. (1980). A practitioner’s guide to rational-emotive therapy. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Walker, L. J. (1987). Women’s groups are different. In C. Brody (Ed.), Women’s therapy groups: Paradigms of feminist treatment (pp. 3–12). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  66. Wessler, R. A., & Wessler, R. L. (1980). The principles and practice of rational-emotive therapy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  67. Wolfe, J. L. (1975, September). Rational-emotive therapy as an effective feminist therapy. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Chicago.Google Scholar
  68. Wolfe, J. L. (1976). How to be sexually assertive. New York: Institute for Rational-Emotive Therapy.Google Scholar
  69. Wolfe, J. L. (1980, September). Rational-emotive therapy women’s groups: New model for an effective feminist therapy. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  70. Wolfe, J. L. (1985). Women. In A. Ellis & M. Bernard (Eds.), Clinical applications of rationalemotive therapy (pp. 101–127). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zachary, I. (1980). RET with women: Some special issues. In R. Grieger & J. Boyd (Eds.), Rational-emotive therapy: A skills based approach (pp. 249–264). New York: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet L. Wolfe
    • 1
  • Hedwin Naimark
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Rational-Emotive TherapyNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations