Nutritional Factors in Aging

  • Kim E. Kendall
  • Patricia A. Wisocki
  • Dani B. Pers
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


An overwhelming number of elderly men and women are habitually undernourished. Estimates indicate that one-third to one-half of the health problems of the elderly are a direct or indirect consequence of nutritional deficiencies (Gershell, 1981). People over the age of 60 consume far less than what is believed necessary to meet nutrient standards for their age, sex, and weight. More than 15 years ago, the Ten-State Nutritional Survey (DHEW, 1972) found that, as a group, elderly citizens had insufficient caloric, iron, and vitamin A dietary intake. Since then, other nutritional surveys have confirmed these findings (Bowman & Rosenberg, 1982; Harrill & Cervone, 1977; National Center for Health Statistics, 1974; Pao & Hill, 1974) and estimated that 50% of the elderly population fall below adequate standards for vitamin C, vitamin A, and calcium intake. Many more do not take sufficient amounts of vitamin D. The percentage is even greater among elderly Blacks, Spanish-Americans, and poor.


Nutritional Status Elderly Person Nutritional Deficiency Clinical Nutrition Nutritional Factor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim E. Kendall
    • 1
  • Patricia A. Wisocki
    • 2
  • Dani B. Pers
    • 3
  1. 1.SeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  3. 3.Amherst Medical AssociatesAmherstUSA

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