Advertisement

Behavioral Treatment of Aged Alcoholics and Drug Addicts

  • Arthur MacNeill HortonJr.
  • Charles J. Fogelman
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)

Abstract

From earliest recorded time, individuals have used substances to change their moods, perceptions, and behaviors. Primitive people used naturally available substances from plants, such as peyote from the cactus, marijuana leaves, or opium from the poppy plant. More developed cultures processed raw materials to produce alcohol, heroin, and cocaine. Modern times have brought technological advances in chemistry that have included methadone, LSD, and PCP, among others.

Keywords

Alcohol Abuse Behavioral Treatment Drinking Behavior Behavioral Assessment Drug Addict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Task Force on Nomenclature and Statistics of the American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., revised). Washington, DC: Task Force on Nomenclature and Statistics of the American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  3. Barchha, R., Stewart, M. A., & Guze, S. (1968). The prevalence of alcoholism among general hospital ward staff. American Journal of Psychiatry, 125, 681–684.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Butters, N. (1985). Alcohol Korsakoff’s syndrome 2: Some unresolved issues concerning etiology, neuropsychology, and cognitive deficits. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 7, 181–210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Butters, N., & Cermak, L. S. (1980). Alcoholic Korsakoff’s syndrome. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  6. Capel, W. C., & Peppers, G. T. (1978). The aging addict: A longitudinal study of known abuses. Addictive Diseases, 3, 389–402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Capel, W. C., Goldsmith, B. M., Waddell, K. J., & Stewart, G. T. (1972). The aging narcotic addict: An increasing problem for the next decades. Journal of Gerontology, 27, 102–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carstensen, L. L., Rychtarik, R. G., & Prue, D. M. (1985). Behavioral treatment of the geriatric alcohol abuser: A long term follow-up study. Addictive Behaviors, 10, 307–311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chelune, C. J., & Parker, J. B. (1981). Neuropsychological deficits associated with chronic alcohol abuse. Clinical Psychology Review, 4, 181–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Civiello, C. L., & Horton, A. M., Jr. (1988). Effectiveness of various alcoholism treatment modalities: A critical review Unpublished manuscript, Veteran’s Administration Medical Center, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  11. Cone, J. D. (1978). The behavioral assessment grid (BAG): A conceptual framework and taxonomy. Behavior Therapy, 1, 882–888.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Davis, R. H., & Smith, W. K. (1973). Drugs and the elderly. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center.Google Scholar
  13. Dupree, L. W. (1982). Gerontology alcohol project; Characteristics of treatment program graduates versus dropouts. The Gerontologist, 22, 258–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dupree, L. W., Broskowski, H., & Schonfeld, L. (1984). The gerontology alcohol project: The behavioral treatment program for elderly alcohol abusers. The Gerontologist, 24, 510–516.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fann, W. C., & Maddox, G. L. (1974). Drug issues in geropsychiatry. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  16. Gaitz, C. M., & Baer, P. E. (1971). Characteristics of elderly patients with alcoholism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 24, 327–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Glatt, M. M. (1961). Drinking habits of English alcoholics. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 37, 88–113.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Graux, P. (1969). Alcoholism of the elderly Review of Alcoholism, 15, 61–63.Google Scholar
  19. Horton, A. M., Jr. (1982). Introduction to the psychotherapy of the aging. In A. M. Horton, Jr. (Ed.), Mental health interventions for the aging (pp. 1–17). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  20. Horton, A. M., Jr., & Anilane, J. (1986). Relationships of trail marking test-part B and brain age quotient—long and short forms. Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 4, 39–43.Google Scholar
  21. Horton, A. M., Jr., & Howe, N. (1982). Behavior therapy with an aged alcoholic: A case study International Journal of Behavioral Geriatrics, 1, 17–18.Google Scholar
  22. Horton, A. M., Jr., & Wedding, D. (1984). Clinical and behavioral neuropsychology. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  23. Kish, G. B., Hagen, J. M., Woody, M. M., & Harvey, H. L. (1980). Alcoholic’s recovery from cerebral impairment as a function of duration of abstinence. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 584–589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kleinknecht, R. A., & Goldstein, S. G. (1972). Neuropsychological deficits associated with alcoholism. Quarterly Journal of Studies in Alcoholism, 33, 999–1019.Google Scholar
  25. Lamy, P. P., & Kitler, M. E. (1971). Drugs and the geriatric patient. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 19, 23–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Maisto, S. A., Sobell, L. C., & Sobell, M. B. (1979). Comparison of alcoholics’ self-reports of drinking behavior with reports of collateral informants. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 106–112.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Marlett, G. A., & Miller, W. R. (1984). Comprehensive drinker profile. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  28. McCusker, J., Jr., Cherubin, C. F., & Zimberg, S. (1971). Prevalence of alcoholism in general municipal hospital population. New York State Journal of Medicine, 71, 751–754.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Mendelson, J. H., & Mello, N. K. (Eds.). (1985). Diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  30. Miller, P. M. (1976). Behavioral treatment of alcoholism. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  31. Miller, P. M., & Mastria, M. A. (1977). Alternatives to alcohol abuse: A social learning model. Champaign, IL: Research Press.Google Scholar
  32. Miller, W. R. (1982). Treating problem drinkers: What works. The Behavior Therapist, 5, 15–18.Google Scholar
  33. Miller, W. R., & Hester, R. K. (1980). Treating the problem drinker: Modern approach. In W. P. Miller (Ed.), The addictive behavior: Treatment of alcoholism, drug abuse, smoking, and obesity (pp. 11–141). New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  34. Miller, W. R., & Saucedo, C. F. (1983). Assessment of neuropsychological impairment and brain damage in problem drinkers. In C. J. Golden, J. A. Moses, Jr., J. A. Coffman, W. R. Miller, & F. D. Strider (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology: Interface with neurological and psychiatric disorders (pp. 141–195). New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  35. Mosher, V., Davis, J., Mulligan, D., & Iber, F. L. (1975). Comparison of outcome in a 9-day and 30-day alcoholism treatment program. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 36, 1277–1281.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. O’Donnell, J. A. (1969). Narcotic addicts in Kentucky, (Public Health Service Publication No. 1881). Washington, DC: National Institute of Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  37. Parker, E. S., & Noble, E. P. (1972). Alcohol consumption and cognitive functioning in social drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 34, 1224–1232.Google Scholar
  38. Parsons, O. A., & Farr, S. P. (1981). The neuropsychology of alcohol and drug use. In S. B. Filskov, & T. J. Boll (Eds.), Handbook of clinical neuropsychology (pp. 320–325). New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  39. Petersen, D. M., & Thomas, C. W. (1975). Acute drug reactions among the elderly. Journal of Gerontology, 30, 552–556.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Petersen, D. M., & Whittington, F. J. (1977). Drug use among the elderly: A review. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 9, 25–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Polich, J. M. (1982). The validity of self-reports in alcohol research. Addictive Behaviors, 1, 123–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Reitan, R. (1973). Behavioral manifestations of impaired brain function in aging. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  43. Rosen, J. J., & Glatt, M. W. (1968). Alcohol excess in the elderly. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 32, 125–131.Google Scholar
  44. Rosenbluth, J., Nathan, P. E., & Lawson, D. N. (1978). Environmental influences on drinking by college students in a college pub: Behavioral observations in the natural environment. Addictive Behaviors, 3, 117–121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ryan, C., & Butters, N. (1986). Neuropsychology of alcoholism. In D. Wedding, A. M. Horton, Jr., & J. S. Webster (Eds.), Handbook of clinical and behavioral neuropsychology (pp. 376–409). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  46. Schau, E. J., & O’Leary, M. R. (1977). Adaptive abilities of hospitalized alcoholics and matched controls: The brain-age quotient. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 38, 403–409.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Schuckit, M. A., & Pastor, P. A. (1978). The elderly is a unique population: Alcoholics. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 2, 31–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Simon, A., Epstein, L. J., & Reynolds, L. (1968). Alcoholism in the geriatrically mentally ill. Geriatrics, 23, 125–131.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Task Force on Prescription Drugs. (1968). The drug users. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  50. Wanberg, K. W., Horn, J. L., & Foster, F. M. (1977). A differential assessment model for alcoholism: The scales of the alcohol use inventory. Journal of Studies on Alcoholism, 38, 512–543.Google Scholar
  51. Winick, C. (1962). Maturing out of narcotic addiction. United Nations Bulletin on Narcotics, 14, 1–7.Google Scholar
  52. Winick, C. (1964). The life cycle of the narcotic addict and of addiction. United Nations Bulletin on Narcotics, 16, 1–11.Google Scholar
  53. Zimberg, S. (1978). Diagnosis and treatment of the elderly alcoholic. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 2, 27–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur MacNeill HortonJr.
    • 1
  • Charles J. Fogelman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Maryland Medical SchoolBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.The Baltimore PsychologistsBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations