Abstract

Behavioral gerontology is probably best defined as the application of behavioral principles and procedures to the problems of the elderly and the issues of aging. As such, it is a specialty area in behavior therapy and shares the identifiable characteristics of the parent field, as defined by Kazdin (1975): (1) a focus on current determinants of behavior rather than historical antecedents; (2) an emphasis on overt behavior change as the proper subject matter by which effective treatment is judged; (3) the specification of treatment procedures in objective terms; (4) a reliance upon basic research in psychology as a source of hypotheses about treatment and specific therapeutic techniques; (5) specificity in defining, treating, and measuring target populations. While the roots of behavior therapy are planted in the early learning theories, its contemporary branches have extended into a variety of conceptual models and sophisticated methodologies, including applied behavioral analysis, neo-behaviorism, social learning theory, and cognitive behavior therapy (cf. Eysenck & Martin, 1987; Hersen, Kazdin, & Bellack, 1983; Wilson & Franks, 1982).

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Apply Behavior Analysis Contingent Reinforcement Relaxation Training Demented Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia A. Wisocki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

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