Phenomenological Perspectives on Consciousness

  • Ronald J. Pekala
Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)


The recent literature reflects two general trends in the study of consciousness: trends that parallel the structuralist-functionalist camps of introspection during the early 20th century. Like the functionalists, one approach to consciousness attempts to investigate the stream of consciousness (Pope & Singer, 1978a,b) and its relationship to personality measures and related variables. The other approach, paralleling that of the structuralists, attempts to investigate the structure of states of consciousness; states that are hypothesized to be of different intensities (Singer, cited in Zinberg, 1977) or patterns (Tart, 1975) from other states of consciousness.


Subjective Experience Altered State Mystical Experience Oxford English Dictionary Waking State 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald J. Pekala
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.West ChesterUSA
  2. 2.Veterans Administration Medical CenterBiofeedback ClinicCoatesvilleUSA

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