The Ethnic Validity Model

  • Forrest B. Tyler
  • Deborah Ridley Brome
  • Janice E. Williams
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


In many ways the ethnic validity model emerges in response to a crisis within the scientific community of psychotherapy. Thomas Kuhn (1970) states that accepted scientific models are questioned when they no longer are good vehicles for problem solving and are placed when competing models are proven superior. Kuhn further states that before an alternative is embraced there is typically a vacuous period during which several different models vie for acceptance. The traditional psychotherapy paradigms, ethnocentric in nature, are being examined with regard to their relevance for nonmajority and non-culture-defining groups. Their adequacy is being questioned as a basis for conceptualizing the adaptational status or the patterns and processes of therapy with individuals in non-culture-defining groups. They ignore or obscure the relevance of the cultural, ethnic, and racial background of the therapist and client and how these factors may substantially change the prescriptions and predictions of their paradigms.


World View Therapy Outcome Therapy Process Societal Institution Competent Functioning 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Forrest B. Tyler
    • 1
  • Deborah Ridley Brome
    • 2
  • Janice E. Williams
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.University of MassachusettsBostonUSA
  3. 3.Morehouse School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Stanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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