The Relationship between Psychological Test Results and Medical and Neurological Problems

  • Stewart Gabel
  • Gerald D. Oster
  • Steven M. Butnik


Psychological tests attempt to assess one or more of a variety of mental functions, including attention, memory, perception, cognitive abilities, language, mood, judgment, and thought content. Various medical and neurological problems of an acute and chronic nature may at times directly or indirectly affect these functions and thereby necessarily influence the results of psychological testing. Psychological testing in children on the other hand, although at times reflecting disordered biological functioning (here equated with “medical and neurological disorder”), is not of value in specifically diagnosing a particular medical condition, is of limited value in helping to localize the area of the brain affected by a particular lesion, and is usually superceded when precise localization is required for treatment purposes by better medical diagnostic aids such as X-ray studies. This chapter will clarify some of these relationships and provide examples of the interaction between medical problems and psychological test results.


Psychological Test Brain Damage Congenital Hypothyroidism Neurological Problem Neuropsychological Test Batterie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Rasbury WC, Fennell RS III, Morris MK: Cognitive functioning of children with end-stage renal disease before and after successful transplantation. J Pediatr 102: 589, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rutter M, Tizard J, Yule M et al: Isle of Wight Studies, 1964–1974. Psychological Medicine 6: 313, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Walter T, Kovalsky J, Stekel A: Effect of mild iron deficiency on infant mental development scores. J Pediatr 102: 519, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rutter M: Psychological sequelae of brain damage in children. American Journal of Psychiatry 138: 1533, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koppitz, EM: The Bender Gestalt Test for Young Children. New York, Grune and Stratton, Inc, 1963.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rutter M: Syndromes attributed to “minimal brain dysfunction” in children. American Journal of Psychiatry 139: 21, 1982.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boll TJ, Barth JT: Neuropsychology of brain damage in children, in Filskov SB, Boll TJ (eds): Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology. New York, John Wiley and Sons, 1981.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Koppitz EM: The Bender Gestalt Test for Young Children, vol II, Research and Application, 1963–1973. New York, Grune and Stratton Inc, 1975.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gabel S: The medical evaluation, in Gabel S and Erikson MT (eds): Child Development and Developmental Disabilities. Boston, Little, Brown and Co, 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stewart Gabel
    • 1
  • Gerald D. Oster
    • 2
  • Steven M. Butnik
    • 3
  1. 1.New York Hospital-Cornell Medical CenterWhite PlainsUSA
  2. 2.Regional Institute for Children and Adolescents (RICA)RockvilleUSA
  3. 3.Independent PracticeRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations