The Relationship between Psychological Test Results and Medical and Neurological Problems
Psychological tests attempt to assess one or more of a variety of mental functions, including attention, memory, perception, cognitive abilities, language, mood, judgment, and thought content. Various medical and neurological problems of an acute and chronic nature may at times directly or indirectly affect these functions and thereby necessarily influence the results of psychological testing. Psychological testing in children on the other hand, although at times reflecting disordered biological functioning (here equated with “medical and neurological disorder”), is not of value in specifically diagnosing a particular medical condition, is of limited value in helping to localize the area of the brain affected by a particular lesion, and is usually superceded when precise localization is required for treatment purposes by better medical diagnostic aids such as X-ray studies. This chapter will clarify some of these relationships and provide examples of the interaction between medical problems and psychological test results.
KeywordsPsychological Test Brain Damage Congenital Hypothyroidism Neurological Problem Neuropsychological Test Batterie
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