Systematic Value of the Carotid Arterial Pattern in Rodents

  • Jørgen Bugge
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes (ASI) Series book series (NSSA, volume 92)


The only important early description of the cephalic arterial system in mammals is that of Tandler (1899), which has been referred to in most of the subsequent literature. Tandler found no specific connection between the cephalic arterial pattern and the systematic position of the species he investigated. Recently, however, in connection with a comprehensive comparative anatomical investigation of the carotid arterial pattern in many mammalian orders, it has been found that the pattern of carotid circulation may serve as a character complex of taxonomic importance. Some studies have involved insectivores and primates (Bugge, 1972, 1974b), carnivores (Bugge, 1978), and edentates and pangolins (Bugge, 1979), but most have concerned the order Rodentia (Guthrie, 1963; Bugge, 1970, 1971a, b, c, 1974a, b).


Carotid Artery Internal Carotid Artery Superficial Temporal Artery Acta Anat Artery System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alston, E. R. 1875. On Anomalurus, its structure and position. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1875: 88–97.Google Scholar
  2. Alston, E. R. 1876. On the classification of the order Glires. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1876: 61–98.Google Scholar
  3. Brandt, J. F. 1855. Untersuchungen über die craniologischen Entwickelungsstufen und die davon herzuleitenden Verwandtschaften und Classificationen der Nager der Jetztwelt, mit besonderer Beziehung auf die Gattung Castor. Mém. Acad. imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Ser. 6, 9: 125–336.Google Scholar
  4. Bugge, J. 1963. A standardized plastic injection technique for anatomical purposes. Acta Anat. 54: 177–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bugge, J. 1970. The contribution of the stapedial artery to the cephalic arterial supply in muroid rodents. Acta Anat. 76: 313–336.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bugge, J. 1971a. The cephalic arterial system in mole-rats (Spalacidae), bamboo rats (Rhizomyidae), jumping mice and jerboas (Dipodoidea) and dormice (Gliroidea) with special reference to the systematic classification of rodents. Acta Anat. 79: 165–180.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bugge, J. 1971b. The cephalic arterial system in sciuromorphs with special reference to the systematic classification of rodents. Acta Anat. 80: 336–361.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bugge, J. 1971c. The cephalic arterial system in New and Old World hystricomorphs, and in bathyergoids, with special reference to the systematic classification of rodents. Acta Anat. 80: 516–536.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bugge, J. 1972. The cephalic arterial system in the insectivores and the primates with special reference to the Macroscelidoidea and Tupaioidea and the insectivore-primate boundary. Z. Anat. Entwg. 135: 279–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bugge, J. 1974a. The cephalic arteries of hystricomorph rodents. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 34: 61–78.Google Scholar
  11. Bugge, J. 1974b. The cephalic arterial system in insectivores, primates, rodents and lagomorphs, with special reference to the systematic classification. Acta Anat. 87(Suppl. 62): 1–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bugge, J. 1975. Corrosion casts of the cephalic arterial system, prepared by means of a standardized plastic injection and corrosion technique. 10th Int. Congr. Anat. Tokyo, p. 528.Google Scholar
  13. Bugge, J. 1978. The cephalic arterial system in carnivores, with special reference to the systematic classification. Acta Anat. 101: 45–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bugge, J. 1979. Cephalic arterial pattern in New World edentates and Old World pangolins with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy. Acta Anat. 105: 37–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. De la Torre E. and Netsky M. G. 1960. Study of persistent primitive maxillary artery in human fetus Some homologies of cranial arteries in man and dog. Amer. J. Anat. 106 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ellerman, J. R. 1940–41. The Families and Genera of Living Rodents, Vol. 1–2. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  17. Gorgas, M. 1967. Vergleichend-anatomische Untersuchungen am Magen-Darm-Kanal der Sciuromorpha, Hystricomorpha und Caviomorpha (Rodentia). Eine Studie über den Einfluss von Phylogenie, Spezialisation und funktioneller Adaptation auf den Säugetierdarm. Z. wiss. Zool. 175: 237–404.Google Scholar
  18. Grassé, P.-P. and Dekeyser, P. L. 1955. Ordre des rongeurs. In: Traité de Zoologie, P.-P. Grassé, ed., Vol. 17, Part 2, pp. 1321–1525, Masson et Cie, Paris.Google Scholar
  19. Grosser, O. 1901. Zur Anatomie und Entwickelungsgeschichte des Gefässsystemes der Chiropteren. Arb. Anat. Inst., Wiesbaden 17: 203–424.Google Scholar
  20. Guthrie, D. A. 1963. The carotid circulation in the Rodentia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. 128: 455–481.Google Scholar
  21. Hennig, W. 1950. Grundzüge einer Theorie der phylogenetischen Systematik. Deutscher Zentralverlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  22. Hennig, W. 1966. Phylogenetic Systematics. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
  23. Hofmann, L. von 1914. Die Entwicklung der Kopfarterien bei Sus scrofa domesticus. Morph. Jb. 48: 645–671.Google Scholar
  24. Lavocat, R. 1956. Réflexions sur la classification des rongeurs. Mammalia 20: 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lavocat, R. 1973. Les Rongeurs du Miocène d’Afrique orientale. I. Miocene inférieur. Mém. Trav. E. P. H. E., Inst. Montpellier 1: 1–284.Google Scholar
  26. Le Gros Clark, W. E. 1959. The Antecedents of Man. Univ. of Edinburgh Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  27. Martin, R. D. 1968. Towards a new definition of primates. Man 3: 377–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Matthew, W. D. 1909. The Carnivora and Insectivora of the Bridger Basin, Middle Eocene. Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 9: 291–567.Google Scholar
  29. McKenna, M. C. 1966. Paleontology and the origin of the primates. Folia Primatol. 4: 1–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Miller, G. S. and Gidley, J. W. 1918. Synopsis of the supergeneric groups of rodents. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 8: 431–448.Google Scholar
  31. Padget, D. H. 1948. The development of the cranial arteries in the human embryo. Contrib. Embryol. Carneg. Inst. Wash. 32: 205–261.Google Scholar
  32. Presley, R. 1979. The primitive course of the internal carotid artery in mammals. Acta Anat. 103: 238–244.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schaub, S. 1953. Remarks on the distribution and classification of the “Hystricomorpha.” Verh. naturf. Ges., Basel 64: 389–400.Google Scholar
  34. Schaub, S. 1958. Simplicidentata (= Rodentia). In: Traité de Paläontologie, J. Piveteau, ed., Vol. 6, Part 2, pp. 659–818, Masson et Cie, Paris.Google Scholar
  35. Simpson, G. G. 1945. The principles of classification and a classification of mammals. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 85: 1–350.Google Scholar
  36. Stehlin, H. G. and Schaub, S. 1951. Die Trigonodontie der simplicidentaten Nager. Schweiz. Paleont. Abh. 67: 1–385.Google Scholar
  37. Struthers, P. H. 1930. The aortic arches and their derivatives in the embryo porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum). J. Morph. 50: 361–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tandler, J. 1899. Zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Kopfarterien bei den Mammalia. Denksch. Acad. Wiss., Wien 67: 677–784.Google Scholar
  39. Tandler, J. 1902. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Kopfarterien bei den Mammalia. Morph. Jahrb. 30: 275–373.Google Scholar
  40. Tarling, D. H. 1980. The geologic evolution of South America with special reference to the last 200 million years. In: Evolutionary Biology of the New World Monkeys and Continental Drift, R. L. Ciochon and A. B. Chiarelli, eds., pp. 1–41, Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Thenius, E. 1960. Nagetiere (Rodentia oder Simplicidentata). In: Stammesgeschichte der Säugetiere, E. Thenius and H. Hofer, eds., pp. 128–147, Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Thenius, E. 1969. Phylogenie der Mammalia. Stammesgeschichte der Säugetiere (einschliesslich der Hominiden). Handb. Zool. 8: 1–722.Google Scholar
  43. Thenius, E. 1971. Zum gegenwärtigen Verbreitungsbild der Säugetiere und seiner Deutung in erdgeschichtlicher Sicht. Natur. Mus., Frankfurt 101: 185–196.Google Scholar
  44. Tullberg, T. 1899. Ueber das System der Nagethiere: eine phylogenetische Studie. Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Scient. Upsala, Ser. 3, 18: 1–514.Google Scholar
  45. Van Valen, L. 1966. Deltatheridia, a new order of mammals. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 132: 1–126.Google Scholar
  46. Wahlert, J. H. 1977. Cranial foramina and relationships of Eutypomys (Rodentia, Eutypomyidae). Amer. Mus. Nov. 2626: 1–8.Google Scholar
  47. Weber, M. 1928. Die Säugetiere, 2nd ed., Vol. 2. Systematischer Teil. G. Fischer, Jena.Google Scholar
  48. Wilson, R. W. 1949. Early Tertiary rodents of North America. Publ. Carneg. Inst. Wash. 584: 67–164.Google Scholar
  49. Wood, A. E. 1937. The mammalian fauna of the White River Oligocene. Part II. Rodentia. Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 28: 155–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wood, A. E. 1955. A revised classification of the rodents. J. Mammal. 36: 165–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wood, A. E. 1959. Eocene radiation and phylogeny of the rodents. Evolution 13: 354–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen Bugge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyRoyal Dental CollegeAarhus CDenmark

Personalised recommendations