Simultaneous Technique for Acuity and Readiness Testing

  • Raymond A. Sturner
  • Sandra G. Funk
  • James A. Green
Part of the Topics in Developmental Psychobiology book series (TDP)


Almost all pediatricians feel that developmental screening should be a standard part of routine child health examinations (Smith, 1978). However, this belief is only rarely reflected in actual practice. The reason most often given by pediatricians for their failure to carry out the screening is that the tests are too time-consuming. Although pediatricians typically claim that they are able to accomplish developmental screening through informal observations of the child’s responses to the usual health examination procedures, this approach to screening has been shown to be unreliable (Bierman, Connor, Vaage, & Honzik, 1964; Korsch, Cobb, & Ashe, 1961). On the theory that reliable, valid, and efficient developmental screening can be accomplished during the course of routine health examinations, providing simultaneous screening of health and development, the current study attempted to revitalize and systematize the observational process that pediatricians claim to do during health examinations. The research being reported here is an attempt to test the proposition that simultaneous screening can be both effective and efficient. Specifically, it uses the routine preschool vision acuity screening test to not only screen for visual acuity, but also as a means to detect children with educational handicaps.


Health Examination Reading Achievement Vision Screening Developmental Screening Achievement Test Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen, H. F. (1957). A new picture series for preschool vision testing. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 44, 38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bierman, J. J., Connor, A., Vaage, M., & Honzik, M. P. (1964). Pediatricians’ assessment of the intellegence of two-year-olds and their mental test scores. Pediatrics, 34, 680.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, M. S. (1975). Vision screening of preschool children. Clinical Pediatrics, 14(10), 968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Korsch, B., Cobb, K., & Ashe, B. (1961). Pediatricians’ appraisals of patients’ intelligence. Pediatrics, 27, 990.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Smith, R. D. (1978). The use of developmental screening test by primary-care pediatricians. Pediatrics, 93, 524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Stockton, J. S. (1981). Simultaneous screening of school related behaviors and vision of kindergarten children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Duke University.Google Scholar
  7. Sturner, R. A., Funk, S. G., Barton, J., Sparrow, S., & Frothingham, T. E. (1980). Simultaneous screening for child health and development: A study of visual/developmental screening of preschool children. Pediatrics, 65, 1.Google Scholar
  8. Sturner, R. A., Funk, S. G., Thomas, P. D., & Green, J. A. (1982). An adaptation of the Minnesota Child Development Inventory for preschool developmental screening. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 7, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sturner, R. A., Green, J. A., & Funk, S. G. (1983). The relationship between developmental functioning and responses to hearing testing in preschool children. Journal of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics, 4(2), 94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sturner, R. A., Green, J. A., Funk, S. G., Jones, C. K., & Chandler, A. C. (1981). A developmental approach to preschool vision screening. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 18, 2.Google Scholar
  11. Sturner, R. A., Horton, M., Funk, S. G., Barton, J., Frothingham, T. E., & Cress, J. N. (1982). Adaptations of the Denver Developmental Screening Test: A study of preschool screening. Pediatrics, 69, 3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond A. Sturner
    • 1
  • Sandra G. Funk
    • 1
  • James A. Green
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

Personalised recommendations