The Present Sample
The first work on which this report is based was a treatment of 288,152 tokens that represented portions of 607 classroom speeches made by 274 college students (Black and Ausherman, 1955). The speakers and their listeners were males. An equal number of tokens was collected in 1979–81 from classroom speeches in an all-male college. The speeches or segments were longer than the earlier ones and were contributed by fewer students, approximately 110 speakers making 263 classroom speeches.
KeywordsOral Language Oral Vocabulary Mutual Occurrence Water Hose Diversify Reading
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