Indians, Ethnicity, and Alcohol

Contrasting Perceptions of the Ethnic Self and Alcohol Use
  • Joan Weibel-Orlando


On May 15, 1804, Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis, Missouri on what was to be a two-year scientific expedition to and personal adventure in the as yet uncharted Great American Desert. The goals of their mission included the initiation of peaceful relations between their fledgling nation and the tribal peoples encountered in their travels along the Missouri River and its tributaries to the Pacific Ocean. As representatives of the U. S. government, Lewis and Clark were well supplied with gift items by which peaceful relations with tribal groups were to be cemented. These gifts included medallions minted by the U. S. Treasury to be given specifically to potential tribal allies, foods, beads, European-style clothes, blankets, and kegs of whiskey (Biddle, 1962).


Ethnic Identity Alcoholic Beverage Drinking Behavior Alcoholic Anonymous Tribal Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan Weibel-Orlando
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuropsychiatric InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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