Advertisement

Shyness pp 91-103 | Cite as

Shyness in Middle and Late Childhood

  • Jens Asendorpf
Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)

Abstract

John and Ann are both quiet children. In kindergarten they have no friends, and they relate better to adults than to their peers. John does not seem to be unhappy with children in general but he shows little interest in them and apparently prefers to play alone. Ann always acts in the background and never volunteers for a task where she is the focus of attention. She does seem interested in other children, but she acts very coy, sometimes anxiously, toward them.

Keywords

Social Skill Social Knowledge Parenting Style Social Preference Social Withdrawal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1979). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-III. Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
  2. Asendorpf, J. (1983). Development of shyness(Paper 5/1983). Munich: Max-Planck-Institute for Psychological Research.Google Scholar
  3. Asendorpf, J. (1984). Shyness, embarrassment, and self-presentation: A control theory approach. In R. Schwarzer (Ed.), The self in anxiety, stress, and depression(pp. 109–114 ). Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
  4. Asher, S. R., Markell, R. A., and Hymel, S. (1981). Identifying children at risk in peer relations: A critique of the rate-of-interaction approach to assessment. Child Development, 52, 1239–1245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75, 43–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Becker, W. C. (1964). Consequences of different kinds of parental discipline. In M. L. Hoffman and L. W. Hoffman (Eds.), Review of child development research(Vol. 1, pp. 169–208 ). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  7. Buss, A. H., Iscoe, I., and Buss, E. H. (1979). The development of embarrassment. Journal of Psychology, 103, 227–230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chamberlin, R. W. (1977). Can we identify a group of children at age 2 who are at high risk for the development of behavior or emotional problems in kindergarten and first grade? Pediatrics, 59, 971–981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Coie, J. D., and Dodge, K. A. (1983). Continuities and changes in children’s social status: A five-year longitudinal study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 29, 261–282.Google Scholar
  10. Coie, J. D., and Kupersmidt, J. B. (1983). A behavioral analysis of emerging social status in boy’s groups. Child Development, 54, 1400–1416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., andCoppotelli, H. (1982). Dimensions and types of social status: A cross-age perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18, 557–570.Google Scholar
  12. Cranach, B. V., Huffner, U., Marte F., and Pelka, R. (1976). Einschatzskala zur Erfassung gehemmter Kinder im Kindergarten. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie and Kinderpsychiatrie, 25, 146–155.Google Scholar
  13. Dodge, K. A., Coie, J. D., and Brakke, N. P. (1982). Behavior patterns of socially rejected and neglected preadolescents: The roles of social approach and aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 10, 389–410.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dodge, K. A., Schlundt, D. C., Schocken, I., and Delugach, I. D. (1983). Social competence and children’s sociometric status: The role of peer group entry strategies. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 29, 309–336.Google Scholar
  15. Gottmann, J. M. (1977). Toward a definition of social isolation in children. Child Development, 48, 513–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Greenberg, M. T., and Marvin, R. S. (1982). Reactions of preschool children to an adult stranger: A behavioral systems approach. Child Development, 53, 481–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hinde, R. A., Easton, F., Meller, R. E., and Tamplin, A. (1983). Nature and determinants of preschoolers’ differential behaviour to adults and peers. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 1, 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Izard, C. E. (1972). Patterns of emotion. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  19. Koch, H. J., and Butollo, W. (1983). The course and causes of behaviour disorders in early childhood. Paper presented at the Seventh Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Munich, FRG.Google Scholar
  20. Leary, M. R., and Schlenker, B. R. (1981). The social psychology of shyness: A self-presentation model. In J. T. Tedeschi (Ed.), Impression management: Theory and social psychology research(pp. 335358 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  21. Maccoby, E. E., and Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction. In P. H. Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology(4th ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1–101 ). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  22. Newcomb, A. F., and Bukowski, W. M. (1983). Social impact and social preference as determinants of children’s peer group status. Developmental Psychology, 19, 856–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richard, B. A., and Dodge, K. A. (1982). Social maladjustment and problem solving in school-aged children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 226–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rubin, K. H. (1982). Nonsocial play in preschoolers: Necessarily evil? Child Development, 53, 651657.Google Scholar
  25. Rubin, K. H., Daniels-Beirness, T., and Bream, L. (1984). Social isolation and social problem-solving: A longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 17–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wanlass, R. L., and Prinz, R. J. (1982). Methodological issues in conceptualizing and treating childhood social isolation. Psychological Bulletin, 92, 39–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zimbardo, P. G., and Radl, S. L. (1981). The shy child. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jens Asendorpf
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institute for Psychological ResearchMunich 40Federal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations