Short-Term Group Psychotherapy for Shyness
It is ironic that shyness, intrinsically an interpersonal problem, has been treated most frequently with individual therapies. Depending on the underlying model of shyness, the therapies have varied, but they can be characterized broadly as fitting into one of three groups: (a) relaxation and desensitization therapies aimed at alleviating anxiety and disinhibiting behaviors that are a part of the patient’s repertoire but that the patient is unable to perform easily; (b) behavioral therapies designed to enhance social skills that are not yet within the patient’s capability; and (c) cognitive therapies aimed at restructuring the patient’s negative self-image and expectancies in social situations. The typical paradigm has been to develop and implement such therapies in individual treatments. When group work has been done, it is usually employed for reasons of efficiency (i.e., it is more cost-effective to teach several individuals together rather than separately).
KeywordsSocial Skill Social Anxiety Individual Therapy Interpersonal Difficulty Psychotherapy Group
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