Shyness pp 375-385 | Cite as

Short-Term Group Psychotherapy for Shyness

  • Paul A. Pilkonis
Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)


It is ironic that shyness, intrinsically an interpersonal problem, has been treated most frequently with individual therapies. Depending on the underlying model of shyness, the therapies have varied, but they can be characterized broadly as fitting into one of three groups: (a) relaxation and desensitization therapies aimed at alleviating anxiety and disinhibiting behaviors that are a part of the patient’s repertoire but that the patient is unable to perform easily; (b) behavioral therapies designed to enhance social skills that are not yet within the patient’s capability; and (c) cognitive therapies aimed at restructuring the patient’s negative self-image and expectancies in social situations. The typical paradigm has been to develop and implement such therapies in individual treatments. When group work has been done, it is usually employed for reasons of efficiency (i.e., it is more cost-effective to teach several individuals together rather than separately).


Social Skill Social Anxiety Individual Therapy Interpersonal Difficulty Psychotherapy Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul A. Pilkonis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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