Shyness pp 253-264 | Cite as

Anxiety and Interfering Thoughts

Their Effect on Social Interaction
  • Irwin G. Sarason
  • Barbara R. Sarason
Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)


The shy person, when placed in certain social situations, displays symptoms similar to those observed in varying degrees among people who can be characterized as anxiety prone as well as those who have clinically definable anxiety syndromes. Shy people, like most anxiety-prone individuals, are not anxious all the time and do not even experience anxiety in all social situations. In familiar social situations involving nondemanding friends and family members, shy people are likely to seem at ease, participate easily in the group and even take social initiatives. However, when they find themselves with unfamiliar companions or in settings where they believe that their social behavior will be evaluated, shy people become inhibited and anxious. At these times the shy individual is likely to be preoccupied with thoughts of personal inadequacy and with the desire to withdraw from the social interaction (Jones & Russell, 1982).


Social Anxiety Social Initiative Irrational Belief Negative Thought Test Anxiety 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irwin G. Sarason
    • 1
  • Barbara R. Sarason
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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