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Advanced Materials from Enzymatic Polymerization of Substituted Phenols in Ordered Templates

  • Madhu S. Ayyagari
  • Ferdinando F. Bruno
  • Sukant K. Tripathy
  • Kenneth A. Marx
  • David L. Kaplan
  • Joseph A. Akkara
  • D. V. G. L. N. Rao

Abstract

Enzyme-catalyzed polymerization of p-substituted phenols and aromatic amines is described. The polymers were prepared as thin films at the air-water interface of a Langmuir trough, as spherical particles at the oil-water interface of reversed micelles or as amorphous material in bulk organic solvents. Horseradish peroxidase or laccase was used to catalyze the reactions. Molecular weight and size distribution of polyphenols formed with reversed micelles or in bulk solvents could be modulated by controlling solvent properties. For example, oligomers with fairly uniform size distribution could be prepared by varying the solvent polarity, p-Alkoxyphenols with long alkyl chains could be ordered into a monolayer on a Langmuir trough, and could be subsequently polymerized using enzymes. The polymers were analyzed for their thermal, mechanical, electrical and optical properties. The application potential of the polymers in electronics/photonics is discussed.

Keywords

Reversed Micelle Aqueous Subphase Langmuir Trough Bulk Solvent Enzyme Horseradish Peroxidase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madhu S. Ayyagari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ferdinando F. Bruno
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sukant K. Tripathy
    • 1
  • Kenneth A. Marx
    • 1
  • David L. Kaplan
    • 2
  • Joseph A. Akkara
    • 2
  • D. V. G. L. N. Rao
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Advanced Materials, Department of ChemistryUniversity of Massachusetts LowellLowellUSA
  2. 2.Biotechnology DivisionUS Army RD&E CenterNatickUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA

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