Biodegradable Fibers Made from Truly-Biodegradable Thermoplastics

  • Masatsugu Mochizuki
  • Matsuo Hirami


The term “biodegradable fibers” has different meanings for different people. In this review, this term is used to refer widely to fibers which will degrade in biological environment, including any environment where in vivo or in vitro biological or biochemical processes are occurring, regardless of the degradation mechanisms.


Draw Ratio Hydroxy Acid Biodegradable Plastic Aliphatic Polyester Chemical Hydrolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E. J. Frazza and E.E. Schmitt, A new absorbable suture, J.Biomed. Mater. Res. Symposium, 1:43 (1971).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. W. Lenz, Biodegradable polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, 107:1 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Doi, “Microbial Polyesters”, VCH Publishers, New York (1990).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Takiyama and T. Fujimaki, “BIONOLLE” biodegradable plastic through chemical synthesis, in: “Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers”, Y. Doi and K. Fukuda, ed., Elsevier, The Netherlands (1994)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Doi, Y. Kanesawa, M. Kunioka and T. Saito, Biodegration of microbial copolyesters: Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate), Macromolecules, 23:26 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Oka, Development of bioabsorbable medical devices, Kinou Zairyo, 13(12): 16(1993)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Mochizuki and K. Kudo, Polycaprolactone fiber, in: “Biodegradable Polymers”, Y. Ikada ed., Kohbunshi Kankokai, Japan(1994).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. J. Huang, Biodegradable polymers, Encycl. Polym. Sci. Eng., 2:220(1985)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Mochizuki, M. Hirano, Y. Kanmuri, K. Kudo and Y. Tokiwa, Hydrolysis of polycaprolactone fiber by lipase: effects of draw ratio on enzymatic degradation, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 55:289(1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masatsugu Mochizuki
    • 1
  • Matsuo Hirami
    • 1
  1. 1.Research & Development CenterUnitika Ltd.Uji-Shi, Kyoto 611Japan

Personalised recommendations