Limiting Factors in Operation and Fabrication of Organic Electroluminescence Devices

  • Jan Kalinowski


A satisfactory explanation of the interrelation between performance parameters and fundamental electronic processes in organic electroluminescence (EL) devices (of which light-emitting diodes — LEDs, display screens and light transducers are most apparent) clearly exceeds the frames of this brief presentation. Therefore, the paper will be focused on some selected important aspects of operation and fabrication of organic LEDs.


Organic Crystal Triplet Exciton Carrier Trap Degenerate Ground State Excitonic Interaction 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Kalinowski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Istituto di Fotochimica e Radiazioni d’Alta Energia del C.N.R.BolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Molecular PhysicsTechnical University of GdanskGdanskPoland

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