Cryogenic Principles and Applications

  • Steven W. Van Sciver
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)


The science and technology of producing a low-temperature environment is generally referred to as cryogenics. The word cryogenics has its origin in the Greek language where “cryos” means frost or cold and “gen” is a common root for the English verb to generate. Strictly speaking, cryogenics means to produce cold, yet the term has developed a more general connotation over years of usage by engineers and scientists. Today, the word cryogenics is associated with the production and study of low-temperature environments. Thus, a cryogenic engineer is a person who specializes in these areas. The expertise of a cryogenic engineer can vary considerably within this discipline. For example, he or she may be concerned mostly with heat transfer aspects of low-temperature fluids or alternatively, improved methods of producing low temperatures. Expertise in cryogenic engineering is in demand in a wide variety of technical fields including advanced energy production and storage technologies, transportation and space programs, and a wide variety of physics and engineering research efforts.


Liquid Helium Heat Engine Absolute Zero Normal Boiling Point Cryogenic System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven W. Van Sciver
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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