Inositol Lipid Metabolism in Receptor-Stimulated and Depolarized Sympathetic Ganglia and Adrenal Glands

  • Robert H. Michell
  • Elisabeth A. Bone
Conference paper
Part of the FIDIA Research Series book series (FIDIA, volume 4)


Recent investigations of the classical phosphatidylinositol response, first described in exocrine pancreas and brain by Hokin and Hokin in 1953 and later extensively characterised by the same workers, have identified a widespread receptor-stimulated signalling process that is important to the regulation of processes as diverse as fibroblast growth, hormone secretion, activation of the immune system, vision in horseshoe crabs, and fertilization in toads. The central reaction of this signalling system is hydrolysis of PtdIns(4, 5)P 2 to 1, 2-DAG and Ins(1, 4, 5)P 3, with both products acting as cellular second messengers, 1, 2-DAG activates a protein kinase (protein kinase C, Nishizuka, 1984) and Ins(1, 4, 5)P 3 mobilizes Ca2+ from an intracellular membrane-sequestered pool (Berridge and Irvine, 1984). The development of these ideas can be traced in numerous reviews since 1975 (Michell, 1975, 1979, 1982a; Michell et al., 1977, 1981, 1984; Berridge, 1980, 1981, 1984; Downes and Michell, 1982, 1985; Nishizuka, 1984; Berridge and Irvine, 1984).


Adrenal Medulla Inositol Phosphate Sympathetic Ganglion Horseshoe Crab Vasopressin Receptor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert H. Michell
    • 1
  • Elisabeth A. Bone
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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