Advertisement

Relevance of Health Behavior Research to Public Health Professionals

  • David R. Buchanan

Abstract

Public health has historically viewed health and disease as the product of three interacting factors: the host, the agent, and the environment. As classically captured in Hippocrates’ Airs, Waters, Places, the major emphasis of public health interventions until modern times was focused on changing the environment to prevent illness: building sewage systems, assuring clean water supplies, draining swamps. In one of the best-known legends of public health, a medical practitioner and anesthetist named John Snow plotted the locations of an outbreak of cholera cases in London in the year 1854 (Rosen, 1958). On the basis of his scatterplot, he deduced that one well, the Broad Street pump, was responsible for the outbreak. He then marched down and removed the handle from the pump, thus interrupting further spread of the epidemic—an effective environmental intervention enacted 30 years before the discovery of bacterial agents.

Keywords

Social Support Healthy People Social Marketing Public Health Professional Resiliency Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abelson, P. (1990). The asbestos removal fiasco. Science, 247, 1017.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonovsky, A. (1967). Social class, life expectancy and overall mortality, Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 45, 31–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashford, N. (1976). Crisis in the workplace: Occupational disease and injury. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  6. Becker, M. (1986). The tyranny of health promotion, Public Health Reviews, 14, 15–25.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Belloc, N., & Breslow, L. (1972). Relationship of physical health status and health practices, Preventive Medicine, 1, 409–421.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Berkman, L., & Breslow, L. (1983). Health and ways of living: The Alameda County Study. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bloom, P., & Novelli, W. (1981). Problems and challenges in social marketing, Journal of Marketing, 45, 79–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brieger, W., & Ramakrishna, J. (1987) Health education: Social marketing does not have all of the answers. World Health Forum, 8, 384–386.Google Scholar
  11. Brofenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Brown, L., & Tandor, R. (1983). Ideology and political economy in inquiry: Action research and participatory research, Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences, 19, 277–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bry, B., McKeon, P., & Pandinam, K. (1982). Extent of drug use as a function of the number of risk factors, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91, 273–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Buchanan, D. (1992). An uneasy alliance: Combining quantitative and qualitative research methods, Health Education Quarterly, 19, 117–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Buchanan, D. (1994). Reflections on the relationship between theory and practice, Health Education Research, 9, 273–283.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dawber, T., Meadors, G., & Moore. E. (1951). Epidemiologcal approaches to heart disease: The Framingham Study, American Journal of Public Health, 41, 279–286.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Department of Health and Social Security. (1982). Inequalities in health (Black Report): Report of a research working group. National Health Service. London: Pelican.Google Scholar
  18. Dupont, R. (Ed.). (1989). Stopping alcohol and other drug use before it starts: The future of prevention. OSAP Prevention Monograph No. 1, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 89-1645. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  19. Epp, J. (1987). Achieving health for all: A framework for health promotion [The Ottawa Charter], Health Promotion, 1, 419–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Farquhar, J. (1978). The community-based model of lifestyle intervention trials, American Journal of Epidemiology, 108, 103–111.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Farquhar, J., Fortmann, S., Flora, J., Taylor, B., Haskeil, W., Williams, P., Maccoby, N., & Wood, P. (1990). Effects of communitywide education on cardiovascular disease risk factors: The Stanford Five-City Project, Journal of the American Medical Association, 264, 359–365.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Farquhar, J., Wood, P., Breitrose, H., Haskell, W., Meyer, A., Maccoby, N., Alexander, J., Brown, B., McAlister, A., Nash, J., & Stern, M. (1977). Community education for cardiovascular health, Lancet, 1, 1192–1195.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fawcett, S. (1989). Some emerging standards for community research and action. In P. Tolan, C. Keys, F. Chertok, & L. Jason (Eds.), Researching community psychology: Issues of theory and methods (pp. 64–57). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  24. Goodstadt, M., & Mitchell, E. (1992). Prevention theory and research related to high-risk youth. OSAP Technical Report. Breaking new ground for youth at risk: Program summaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  25. Graham, H. (1989). Women and smoking in the United Kingdom: The implications for health promotion, Health Promotion, 3, 371–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Green, K. (1988). Issues of control and responsibility in workers’ health, Health Education Quarterly, 15, 473–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Green, L. (1984). Modifying and developing health behavior, Annual Review of Public Health, 5, 215–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Green, L., & Kreuter, M. (1991). Health promotion planning: An educational and environmental approach, (2nd ed). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.Google Scholar
  29. Haan, M., Kaplan, G., & Camacho, T. (1987). Poverty and health: Prospective evidence from the Alameda County Study, American Journal of Epidemiology, 125, 989–998.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Hansen, W. (1992). School-based substance abuse prevention: A review of the state of the art in curriculum, 1980–1990, Health Education Research, 7, 403–430.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hastings, G., & Haywood, A. (1991) Social marketing and communication in health promotion. Health Promotion International, 6, 135–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hawkins, J., Catalano, R., & Miller, J. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention, Psychological Bulletin, 112, 64–105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hooper, J., & Veneziano, L. (1995). Distinguishing starters from non-starters in an employee physical activity incentive program, Health Education Quarterly, 22, 49–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. House, J., Umberson, D., & Landis, K. (1988). Structures and processes of social support, Annual Review of Sociology, 14, 293–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Institute of Medicine. (1988). The future of public health. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  36. Israel, B., & Schurman, S. (1990). Social support, control and the stress process. In K. Glanz, F. Lewis, & B. Rimer (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: Theory, research and practice (pp. 187–215). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  37. Jones, E. (1986). Teenage pregnancy in industrialized countries. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Jones, E., Forrest, J., Henshaw, S., Silverman, J., & Torres, A. (1988). Unintended pregnancy, contraceptive practices, and family planning services in developed countries, Family Planning Perspectives, 20, 53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kannel, W., Dawber, T., Kagan, A., Revotskie, N., & Stokes, J. (1961). Factors of risk in the development of coronary heart disease—Six-year follow-up experience: The Framingham Study, Annals of Internal Medicine, 55, 33–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kelly, M. (1989). Some problems in health promotion research, Health Promotion International, 4, 317–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kotler, P., & Roberto, E. (1989). Social marketing: Strategies for changing public behavior. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  42. Krantz, D., Glass, D., Contrada, R., & Miller, N. (1982). Behavior and health: The biobehavioral paradigm. In R. Adams, N. Smelser, & D. Treiman (Eds.), Behavioral and social science research: A national resource: Part II (pp. 76–145). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  43. Last, J. (1987). Public health and human ecology. East Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.Google Scholar
  44. MacIntyre, S. (1986). The patterning of health by social position in contemporary Britain: Directions for sociological research, Social Science and Medicine, 23, 393–415.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Marantz, P. (1990). Blaming the victim: The negative consequences of preventive medicine, American Journal of Public Health, 80, 1186–1187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Marmot, G., Kogevinas, M., & Elston, M. (1987). Social/economic status and disease, Annual Review of Public Health, 8, 111–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Marmot, M. (1986). Social inequalities in mortality: The social environment. In R. Wilkinson (Ed.), Class and health (pp. 21–33). London: Tavistock.Google Scholar
  48. McGuire, W. (1964). Inducing resistance to persuasion. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental and social psychology: Vol. 1, (pp. 191–229). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  49. McKeown, T. (1976). The role of medicine: Dream, mirage or nemesis. London: Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust.Google Scholar
  50. McKinlay, J., & McKinlay, S. (1977). The questionable contribution of medical measures to the decline of mortality in the United States in the twentieth century, Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 55, 405–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. McLeroy, K., Bibeau, D., Steckler, A. & Glanz, K. (1988). An ecological perspective on health promotion programs, Health Education Quarterly, 15, 351–377.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. McQueen, D., & Noack, H. (1988). Health promotion indicators: Current status, issues and problems, Health Promotion, 3, 117–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. MRFIT Research Group. (1982). Multiple risk factor research trial: Risk factor changes and mortality results, Journal of the American Medical Association, 248, 1465–1477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. MRFIT Research Group. (1990). Mortality rates after 10.5 years for participants in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, Journal of the American Medical Association, 263, 1795–1801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. National Research Council. (1989). Improving risk communication. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  56. Neubrauer, D., & Pratt, R. (1981). The second public health revolution: A critical appraisal, Journal of Health Politics Policy and Law, 6, 205–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Paffenberger, R., Hyde, R., Wing, A., & Hsieh, C. (1986). Physical activity, all-cause mortality, and longevity of college alumni, New England Journal of Medicine, 314, 605–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Paffenberger, R., Wing, A., Hyde, R. (1978). Physical activity as an index of heart attack risk in college alumni, American Journal of Epidemiology, 108, 161–175.Google Scholar
  59. Pancer, M., & Nelson, G. (1989–1990). Community-based approaches to health promotion: Guidelines for community mobilization. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 10, 91–112.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Parcel, G., Edmundson, E., Perry, C., Feldman, H., O’Hara-Tompkins, N., Nader, P., Johnson, C., & Stone, E. (1995). Measurement of self-efficacy for diet-related behaviors among elementary school children, Journal of School Health, 65, 23–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Prothrow-Stith, D. (1991) Deadly consequences. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  62. Raymond, J. (1989). Behavioral epidemiology: The science of health promotion, Health Promotion International, 4, 281–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Reason, P. (Ed.). (1995). Participation in human inquiry, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  64. Research Unit in Health and Behavioural Change. (1989). Changing the public health. Chichester, England: Wiley.Google Scholar
  65. Rose, G. (1985). Sick individuals and sick populations, International Journal of Epidemiology, 14, 32–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Rosen, G. (1958). A history of public health. New York: MD Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Rosenberg, M., & Fenley, M. (Eds.). (1991). Violence in America: A public health approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Ryan, W. (1976). Blaming the victim. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  69. Salmon, J. (1989). Dilemmas in studying social change versus individual change: Considerations from political economy, Health Promotion International, 4, 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Sorenson, A., & Bialek, R. (Eds.). (n.d.) The public health faculty/agency forum: Linking graduate education and practice. Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administration. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.Google Scholar
  71. Susser, M. (1995). Editorial: The tribulations of trials—Interventions in communities, Journal of the American Public Health Association, 85, 156–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1980). Promoting health/preventing disease: Objectives for the nation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  73. U.S. Surgeon General. (1979). Healthy people: The Surgeon General’s report on health promotion and disease prevention. DHEW (PHS) Publication No. 79-55071. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.Google Scholar
  74. U.S. Surgeon General. (1990). Healthy people 2000: National health promotion and disease prevention objectives. DHHS Publication No. 91-50212. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  75. Wallerstein, N. (1992). Powerlessness, empowerment and health: Implications for health promotion programming, American Journal of Health Promotion, 6, 197–205.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Buchanan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public Health and Health SciencesUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

Personalised recommendations