Health Behavior Research and Medical Training and Practice

A Social Context
  • H. Jean C. Wiese
  • Eugene B. Gallagher


The epidemiological profile of the United States has changed drastically over the last 70 years. The so-called “demographic transition” has been accomplished, with the shift from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates. The population pyramid for this country has changed from the wide-based, sharp-peaked form characteristic of a rural, nonindustrialized country to the more nearly straight-sided, broad-topped form associated with industrialized, urbanized countries. This change in the shape of the population pyramid reflects a radical change in the demography and associated health concerns of the nation. The major health concerns of the United States are now chronic degenerative conditions, all of which have major behavioral components in their etiology, treatment, and prevention. Advances in medical behavioral research focused on these conditions are being applied to the current changes in the training of health care professionals in the United States. This chapter addresses the application of these advances in medical behavioral research both to the curricular reforms of health education and to the specific training of medical students for patient care.


Medical Student Health Behavior Medical Education Standardize Patient Medical Training 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Jean C. Wiese
    • 1
  • Eugene B. Gallagher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral ScienceUniversity of Kentucky College of MedicineLexingtonUSA

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