Health Behavior Research and Medical Training

A New Paradigm
  • Virginia A. Reed
  • Maggie L. Moore-West
  • G. Christian Jernstedt
  • Joseph F. O’Donnell


Despite rapid advances in the technology of the health sciences and in understanding of the basic biology of diseases at the molecular level, most of the disease processes that in the postantibiotic age cause disability and death have behavioral roots. The statistics concerning behavioral risk factors noted in youth are particularly alarming. For example, among American high school students, 73.9% indicated that they had tried smoking by their senior year, while 24.7% admitted to smoking daily over the past month. Furthermore, 48% indicated that they had had at least one alcoholic drink within the past month. With regard to sex, 70% responded that they had had sexual intercourse by their senior year, with 18.5% reporting having had four or more sexual partners. As for suicide, 24% indicated that they had given serious consideration to the thought of suicide over the past year. Finally, 22% indicated that they had carried a weapon in the past month (Kann et al., 1995).


Medical School Medical Student Health Behavior Medical Education Communication Skill 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia A. Reed
    • 1
  • Maggie L. Moore-West
    • 2
  • G. Christian Jernstedt
    • 3
  • Joseph F. O’Donnell
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  2. 2.Department of Community and Family MedicineDartmouth Medical SchoolHanoverUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychology and C. Everett Koop InstituteDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  4. 4.Department of MedicineDartmouth Medical SchoolHanoverUSA

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