Contributions of Health Behavior Research to Community Health Promotion Programs

  • Caroline Schooler
  • June A. Flora


Health behaviors and health status are influenced not only by biological and psychological factors, but also by economic, political, and sociocultural factors (Aiken & Mott, 1970; Blum, 1981; Brown, 1984; Flora, Jackson, & Maccoby, 1989; Warren, 1972). For example, leading causes of death in the United States (cardiovascular disease and cancer) have been shown to be related to lifestyle elements such as diet, exercise, and smoking (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1991). Intentional injury is another significant cause of death, especially among youths, that is strongly influenced by environmental and familial characteristics (American Psychological Association, 1993; Elliott, 1994). The important impact that societal factors have on health behavior highlights the significance of health promotion strategies targeting entire communities.


Health Promotion Smoking Cessation Preventive Medicine Community Psychology Health Promotion Program 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Schooler
    • 1
  • June A. Flora
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford Center for Research in Disease PreventionStanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoUSA

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