Spontaneous Splenic Rupture

  • Stephen E. Goldstone
  • Michael S. Gold


The first known description of spontaneous splenic rupture was by Rokitansky, who described the spontaneous rupture of a leukemic spleen in 1861.1 This condition, known as spontaneous splenic rupture, has been described most commonly as occurring in patients with infectious diseases, e.g., malaria and infectious mononucleosis. It has also been described as occurring with many other disease states, however, including endocarditis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, influenza, and sarcoidosis,2 as well as in amyloidosis and normal spleens.3 As you will see, spontaneous splenic rupture is also well described in many malignant disease processes.


Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Typhoid Fever Peritoneal Lavage Hairy Cell Leukemia Spontaneous Rupture 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen E. Goldstone
    • 1
  • Michael S. Gold
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA
  2. 2.Mary Imogene Bassett HospitalCooperstownUSA
  3. 3.Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA

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