Intestinal Obstruction

  • Michael S. Gold
  • Stephen E. Goldstone


Intestinal obstruction can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract from the esophagus to the anus. The two major categories of obstruction are mechanical and neurogenic. In mechanical obstruction, intestinal contents are prevented from passing by occlusion of the lumen. The occlusion may be intraluminal obstruction from such causes as gallstone ileus, food bolus obstruction, and fecal impaction. Causes within the bowel wall include such conditions as congenital atresias, bowel neoplasms, and inflammatory strictures. External causes include strangulated hernias, obstruction due to adhesions or bands, volvulus, and intussusception.


Intestinal Obstruction Bowel Obstruction Femoral Hernia Fecal Impaction Gallstone Ileus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aranha GV, et al: Surgical palliation of small bowel obstruction due to metastatic carcinoma. Am Surg 47: 99 - 102, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tunca JD, et al: The management of ovarian cancer caused bowel obstruction. Gynecol Oncol 12: 186 - 192, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Osteen RT, et al: Malignant intestinal obstruction. Surgery 87: 611 - 615, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Selected Readings

  1. Deutsch AA, et al: One-stage subtotal colectomy with anastamosis for obstructing carcinoma of the left colon. Dis Colon Rectum 26: 227 - 230, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ellis H: Intestinal Obstruction. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1982.Google Scholar
  3. Galland RB, Spencer J: Surgical management of radiation enteritis. Surgery 99 (2): 133 - 139, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Herbsman H: Tumors of the small intestine. Curr Probl Surg 17 (3), 1980.Google Scholar
  5. Holyoke ED, Mittleman A: Cancer of the colon and rectum, in Pilch YH (ed): Surgical Oncology. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1984, pp 596 - 609.Google Scholar
  6. Ketcham AS, et al: Delayed intestinal obstruction following treatment for cancer. Cancer 25: 406410, 1970.Google Scholar
  7. Lillemoe KD, et al: Surgical management of small bowel radiation enteritis. Arch Surg 118: 905907, 1983.Google Scholar
  8. Ohman U: Prognosis in patients with obstructing colorectal carcinoma. Am J Surg 143: 742 - 747, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Palmer JA, Bush RS: Radiation injuries to the bowel associated with the treatment of carcinoma of the cervix. Surgery 80 (4): 458 - 464, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Phillips RK, et al: Malignant large bowel obstruction. Br J Surg 72: 296 - 302, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Piver MS, et al: Survival after ovarian cancer induced intestinal obstruction. Gynecol Oncol 13: 44 - 49, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Gold
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen E. Goldstone
    • 3
  1. 1.Mary Imogene Bassett HospitalCooperstownUSA
  2. 2.Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA

Personalised recommendations