Advertisement

Risk Assessment and Policy

  • William A. Mills
  • Daniel J. EganJr.
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 35)

Abstract

In this chapter, an assessment of the risks of developing lung cancer from exposures to radon will be discussed, and an attempt made to place such risks in perspective by comparisons to the “natural” risk of developing lung cancer and to the risk of developing it from cigarette smoking.

Keywords

Radon Concentration Lung Cancer Risk Indoor Radon Radon Level Radon Exposure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, A Citizen’s Guide to Radon: What It Is and What To Do About It, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Pamphlet Number OPA86-004, Office of Public Awareness, Washington, DC (August 1986).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Evaluation of Occupational and Environmental Exposures to Radon and Radon Daughters in the United States, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, NCRP Report No. 78 (May 1984).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Exposure from the Uranium Series with Emphasis on Radon and Its Daughters, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, NCRP Report No. 77 (March 1984).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Safety and Health Standards, Underground Metal and Nonmetal Mines, Underground Radiation, Mine Safety and Health Administration, 30 CFR 57.5037-57.5047, 42 CFR 29418 (June 1977).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. D. Evans, J. H. Harley, W. Jacobi, A. S. McLean, W. A. Mills, and C. G. Stewart, Estimate of risk from environmental exposure to radon-222 and its decay products, Nature 290, 98–100 (1981).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Hofmann, R. Katz, and C. Zhang, Lung cancer at low doses of α-particles, Health Phys. 51, 457–468 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. V. Nero, M. B. Schwehr, W. W. Nazaroff, and K. L. Revzan, Distribution of airborne radon-222 in U.S. homes, Science 234, 992–997 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    American Cancer Society, 1986 Cancer Facts and Figures, 86-500M-No. 5008-LE, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. Repace and A. H. Lowrey, A quantitative estimate of nonsmoker’s lung cancer risk from passive smoking, Environmental International 11, 3–22 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. E. Ginevan and W. A. Mills, Assessing the risk of radon exposure: The influence of cigarette smoking, Health Phys. 51, 163–174 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Saccomanno, C. Yale, W. Dixon, O. Auerbach, and G. C. Huth, An epidemiological analysis of the relationship between exposure to radon progeny, smoking and bronchogenic carcinoma in the U-mining population of the Colorado Plateau—1960–1980, Health Phys. 50, 605–618 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. A. Martell, α-Radiation dose at bronchial bifurcations of smokers from indoor exposure to radon progeny, Proceed. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80, 1285–1289 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. A. Martell, Critique of current lung dosimetry models for radon progeny exposure, Radon and Its Decay Products: Occurrence, Properties, and Health Effect (P. K. Hopke, ed.), American Chemical Society, Symposium Series No. 331 (1987).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. F. Johnson and R. A. Luken, Radon risk information and voluntary information protection: Evidence from a natural experiment, Risk Analysis 7, 97–107 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Mills
    • 1
  • Daniel J. EganJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Oak Ridge Associated UniversitiesUSA
  2. 2.Office of Radiation Programs (ANR-460)Environmental Protection AgencyUSA

Personalised recommendations