Basic Concepts of Mössbauer Spectroscopy

  • Gary J. Long
Part of the Modern Inorganic Chemistry book series (MICE, volume 1)


This chapter will present a concise overview of the basic principles of the Mössbauer effect. Because this book is not intended as a teaching text, and because there are several excellent books1–5 dealing with the topic in depth, this chapter will not provide the detailed background required for a full understanding of the effect. Rather, it will try to present the necessary ideas in terms that are easily followed by the scientist familiar with the basic techniques of spectroscopy. Those readers already familiar with the technique will want to proceed to the subsequent chapters, which deal with various aspects and applications of the Mössbauer effect in detail. The reader who is new to the Mössbauer effect will benefit from the following discussion. It is, however, suggested that this reader consult with any of the textbooks mentioned above for more details.


Mossbauer Spectroscopy Isomer Shift Sodium Nitroprusside Electric Field Gradient Nuclear Energy Level 
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  1. 1.
    G.K. Wertheim, Mössbauer Effect: Principles and Applications, Academic Press, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N.N. Greenwood and T.C. Gibb, Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Chapman and Hall, London, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.C. Gibb, Principles of Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Chapman and Hall, London, 1977.Google Scholar
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    L. May, An Introduction to Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Plenum, New York, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    V.I. Goldanskii and R.H. Herber, Chemical Applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Academic Press, New York, 1968.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elementary discussions of the energetics of the Mössbauer nuclear decay and absorption processes are given in Chapter 1 of References 4 and 7. More advanced discussions are given in References 2, 5, and 8.Google Scholar
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  11. R.L. Mössbauer, Naturwissenschaften 45, 538 (1958);Google Scholar
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    G.J. Long, T.E. Cranshaw, and G. Longworth, Mössbauer Effect Ref. Data J. 6, 42 (1983).Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    The data for Figure 3 have been taken from the editor’s comments, Mössbauer Effect Ref. Data J. 6, 51 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    Contact Dr. John G. Stevens of the Mössbauer Effect Data Center, University of North Carolina, Asheville, North Carolina, 28814 for further details.Google Scholar
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    J.J. Spijkerman, D.K. Snediker, F.C. Ruegg, and J.R. DeVoe, Mössbauer Spectroscopy Standard for the Chemical Shift of Iron Compounds,“ U.S. National Bureau of Standards, Misc. Pub. 260–13, July 1967.Google Scholar
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    Reference 7, page 23.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    J.G. Stevens and W.L. Gettys, “Mössbauer-effect Isomer Shift Reference Scales” as reported at the International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, Jaipur, India, December 1981. Copies are available from the Mössbauer Effect Data Center, University of North Carolina. Asheville, North Carolina 28814 USA.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary J. Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Missouri-RollaRollaUSA

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