Culture, Ecology, and Development

Redefining Planning Approaches
  • Ignacy Sachs
Part of the Human Behavior and Environment book series (HUBE, volume 4)


Mine is a practical concern. Planning for development involves designing policies intended to shape, or, at least, influence what man does to nature and to himself in the process of using nature. As a planner, through my daily practice, I, therefore, relate to cultural ecology, as defined by J. W. Bennett (1976): “This is the heart of cultural ecology: the way man-man relations modify man-nature relations in particular representative cases, and how the results affect the future of both” (p. 310).


Water Hyacinth Green Revolution Conspicuous Consumption Sustainable Basis Cultural Ecology 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ignacy Sachs
    • 1
  1. 1.Le Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le DéveloppementEcole Pratique des Hautes EtudesParisFrance

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