• Irwin Altman
  • Amos Rapoport
  • Joachim F. Wohlwill
Part of the Human Behavior and Environment book series (HUBE, volume 4)


The growth of a field of research and scholarship is signaled by many events, including an outpouring of research, theory, and methodological contributions. But the establishment of a field is also reflected in institutional events, such as the founding of new organizations, the convening of conferences, the appearance of books and journals, and the formation of professional societies. So it is that we have witnessed in recent years the birth and growth of research on comparative or cross-cultural aspects of human behavior.


Urban Form Personal Spacing Institutional Event Perceptual Style Environmental Aesthetics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Altman, I. Privacy regulation: Culturally universal or culturally specific. Journal of Social Issues, 1977, 33, 66–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gould, P. R. On mental maps. In R. N. Downs & D. Stea (Eds.), Image and environment: Cognitive mapping and spatial behavior. Chicago: Aldine, 1973, pp. 182–220.Google Scholar
  3. Rapoport, A.House form and culture. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969.Google Scholar
  4. Rapoport, A. Human aspects of urban form: Towards a man-environment approach to the urban form and design. New York: Pergamon, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irwin Altman
    • 1
  • Amos Rapoport
    • 2
  • Joachim F. Wohlwill
    • 3
  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.University of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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