Water in Biological Systems as Studied by NMR and Neutron Scattering Techniques

  • Carlton F. Hazlewood


Although water constitutes 60–90% of the weight of most biological tissues, its physical state within the cell has not yet been clearly characterized. Therefore, all attempts to understand the unequal distribution of ions between the inside and the outside of cells, the dynamic aspects of solute and water movement into and out of cells, and the bioelectric phenomena of cells, require fundamental assumptions concerning the physical state of cellular water. Ultimately, an understanding of cellular function will require a detailed characterization of the physical state of water.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Bulk Water Brine Shrimp Cellular Water Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Parameter 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlton F. Hazlewood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology Baylor College of MedicineTexas Medical CenterHoustonUSA

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