• Martin Goldstein
  • Inge Goldstein


In previous chapters the role of logic and mathematics in science was discussed, but no attempt was made to teach any specific knowledge of either. In this and a subsequent chapter we discuss two closely related branches of mathematics—probability and statistics—which play such a central role throughout science that we felt it worthwhile to try to explain some of their basic concepts.


Random Walk Kinetic Theory Simple Outcome White Ball Numerical Magnitude 
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Reference Notes

  1. 1.
    L. H. C. Tippet, Statistics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Albert Einstein, Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement ed. R. Furth, trans. A. D. Cowper (New York: Dover, 1956).Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Articles by A. J. Ayer, “Chance,” Warren Weaver, “Probability,” and Mark Kac, “Probability,” in Scientific American, Mathematics in the Modern World. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1968.Google Scholar
  2. Chapters on probability in the books by Harold R. Jacobs, Mathematics: A Human Endeavor. 2nd ed. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1982.Google Scholar
  3. Morris Kline, Mathematics for Liberal Arts. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1967.Google Scholar
  4. Weaver, Warren. Lady Luck: The Theory of Probability. New York: Dover, 1982. (Originally published, 1963.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Goldstein
    • 1
  • Inge Goldstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Yeshiva UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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