The Experimenter and the Experiment

  • Martin Goldstein
  • Inge Goldstein


We stated earlier that Newton’s laws failed when applied to very light objects like electrons, and that quantum mechanics was developed to replace them. One of the basic principles of quantum mechanics is called the uncertainty principle. It states a limitation on our ability to measure anything we want to, with any accuracy we choose.(1)


Uncertainty Principle Light Object Good Scientific Theory Cold Body Sale Clerk 
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Reference Notes

  1. 1.
    Isaac Asimov, Asimov on Physics (New York: Avon Books, 1978).Google Scholar
  2. See also Adolph Baker, Modern Physics and Antiphysics (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1970).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    C. Zirkle, “Pavlov’s Beliefs” (Letter), Science 128 (1958): 1476.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    G. Razran, “Pavlov the Empiricist,” Science 130 (1959): 916.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    Robert Rosenthal, Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research (New York: Irvington, 1982).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    Thomas A. Sebeok, and D. J. Umiker-Sebeok, eds., Speaking of Apes: A Critical Anthology of Two-Way Communication with Man (New York: Plenum Press, 1980).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Thomas A. Sebeok, and Robert Rosenthal, eds. “The Clever Hans Phenomenon: Communication with Horses, Whales, Apes, and People,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 364 (1981).Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Seymour Sudman, and Norman M. Bradburn, “Response Effects in Surveys: A Review and Synthesis,” National Opinion Research Center Monographs in Social Research Series, no. 16 (1974).Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    Count Rumford, “The Nature of Heat,” in The Collected Works of Count Rumford, ed. Sanborn Conner Brown, vol. 1 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968), pp. 360–364.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    William Wells, An Essay on Dew and Several Appearances Connected with It (London: Printed for Taylor and Hessey, 1814).Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Rosenthal, Robert. Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research. New York: Irvington, 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Goldstein
    • 1
  • Inge Goldstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Yeshiva UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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