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The Pronunciation Judgment Test, 1939–1978

An Approach to American Pronunciation
  • John W. Black
Chapter
Part of the Cognition and Language: A Series in Psycholinguistics book series (CALS)

Abstract

In the 1930s and earlier teachers of speech paid considerable attention to pronunciation. The popular Speech Handbook by Harry Barnes (1936, 1941) included a form on which teachers might grade students’ speeches. One of the 11 items was pronunciation. This form was representative of ones that were in popular use. The accompanying textual material devoted a chapter to each of the items of the score sheet. An inference to be drawn by a student was that speech composition and delivery were of equal importance and that each was equal to the sum of its parts. A program for a theatrical production at a midwestern university often included on the production staff a “Director of Diction.”

Keywords

International Dictionary Open Admission Production Staff Collegiate Dictionary Variant Pronunciation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    This procedure has been largely superseded by more sophisticated ones in the United States; however, it remains current in many regions of central and southern Europe.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Wise (1958) for Thomas Sheridan’s avowed purpose in writing the General Dictionary of the English Language, 1780: “One main object of which, is, to establish a plain and permanent Standard of Pronunciation.”.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    At the risk of being both boorish and paternalistic, the authors recommend a rereading of the cryptic Preface to Pygmalion, possibly the only brief essay Shaw ever wrote.Google Scholar

References

  1. Barnes, H. G. Speech handbook. Iowa City: Privately printed, 1936.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, H. G. Speech handbook. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1941.Google Scholar
  3. Bronstein, A. J. The pronunciation of American English. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1960.Google Scholar
  4. Duncan, D. B. The multiple range and multiple F-tests. Biometrics, 1955, 11, 1–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gove, P. B. (Ed.). Webster’s third new international dictionary of the English language unabridged. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam, 1961.Google Scholar
  6. Kenyon, J. S., & Knott, T. A. (Eds.). A pronouncing dictionary of American English. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam, 1944.Google Scholar
  7. Neilson, W. A. (Ed.). Webster’s new international dictionary of the English language. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam, 1934.Google Scholar
  8. Scheffé, H. A method for judging all contrasts in the analysis of variance. Biometrics, 1953, 40, 87–104.Google Scholar
  9. Shaw, G. B. Pygmalion. London: Brentanos, 1912.Google Scholar
  10. Thorndike, E. L. A teacher’s word book of twenty thousand words found most frequently and widely in general reading for children and young people. New York: Teacher’s College, Columbia University, 1931.Google Scholar
  11. Wise, C. M. Introduction to phonetics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1958.Google Scholar
  12. Woolf, H. B. (Ed.). Webster’s new collegiate dictionary (8th ed.). Springfield, Mass.: Merriam, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John W. Black
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CommunicationOhio State UniversityUSA

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