Patterns of Development in Culture

  • Philip V. Ammirato
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 32)


Although organized structures were seen in cell and tissue cultures from the earliest days of research (35,61), investigations of development in plant cultures are usually traced from the classic work of Skoog and Miller (40) on the hormonal manipulation of shoot and root formation in tobacco pith cultures, and that of Steward et al. (41) and Reinert (38,39) on the appearance of adventive embryos from somatic cells of carrot taproot. These pioneering studies established the basic patterns of treatment and response that have dominated the field since that time: masses of cells are moved through a sequence of media changes; the subsequent morphogenesis follows either the organogenic or the embryogenic pathway of development.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Zygotic Embryo Plant Tissue Culture Callus Tissue 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip V. Ammirato
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.DNA Plant Technology CorporationCinnaminsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Barnard CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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