Temperament—Intelligence Reciprocities in Early Childhood

A Contextual Model
  • Richard M. Lerner
  • Jacqueline V. Lerner


In the more than quarter century since Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess initiated a longitudinal study of the implications of individual differences in temperament for psychosocial adaptation—the New York Longitudinal Study—there has been considerable interest in the study of temperament among psychiatrists, developmental psychologists, and pediatricians. In part, this interest derives from the fact that the Thomas and Chess approach to the study of temperament was both a product and a producer of the contextual zeitgeist that has characterized American social science for more than a decade (e.g., Jenkins, 1974; Lerner, Hultsch, & Dixon, in press; Mischel, 1977; Sarbin, 1977).


Temperament Attribute Psychosocial Adaptation Infant Temperament Difficult Child Behavioral Style 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Lerner
    • 1
  • Jacqueline V. Lerner
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Human DevelopmentThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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