The “Maros group” existed as a distinctive cultural entity for more than a millennium in the region of the Tisza-Maros Angle in southeastern Hungary, northern Yugoslavia, and western Romania. The Maros people were truly villagers of the marshes, living on low islands of dry land in the midst of a great area of permanent swamp and flood-induced marshes. From their initial crystallization as an identifiable cultural tradition, around 2700 b.c., to their disappearance after 1500 b.c., the people of the Maros lived a life that was in many ways already several thousand years old on the south Hungarian Plain. They raised their flocks and crops on the small islands of dry land, fished in the great rivers Tisza and Maros, and hunted red deer and auroch across the broken landscape. Indeed, many aspects of their life, and particularly their subsistence economy, was little changed from the stable pattern of the Late Neolithic. In other ways, such as the construction of their houses, the layout of their villages, and their material culture, the Maros villagers were but one of a series of cultures that emerged at the beginning of the Bronze Age and that in turn had their roots in the earlier Copper Age societies of the eastern Carpathian Basin.
KeywordsSubsistence Economy Tribal Society Neck Ring Archaeological Model Tribal Social System
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