Mutation Analysis by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE)

  • Riccardo Fodde
  • Monique Losekoot


The identification and characterization of single nucleotide variations in DNA still represents a common technical obstacle in the detection of DNA damage as well as in the genetic analysis of inherited disorders. The introduction of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Saiki et al., 1988) has greatly facilitated this technical problem:the in vitro production of large amounts of the DNA target makes the application of tedious molecular cloning steps obsolete, and allows the direct determination of the nucleotide sequence of the amplified fragment. However, when approaching the analysis of a large DNA segment, it is often desirable to first perform a screening of overlapping PCR-amplified fragments to establish where the putative nucleotide variant is located. To this aim, several protocols are available based on some physical features of DNA or on the activity of different chemical agents or enzymes capable of recognizing mismatches in double-stranded molecules. Of these protocols, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) allows the identification of point mutations which alter the melting behavior of the DNA fragment to be analyzed (Fischer and Lerman, 1979, 1983; Myers et al., 1985a).


Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Polymerase Chain Reaction Primer Melting Behavior Single Base Substitution Denaturant Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riccardo Fodde
    • 1
  • Monique Losekoot
    • 1
  1. 1.MGC-Department of Human GeneticsLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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