Mental Retardation

  • Johnny L. Matson
  • Linda A. LeBlanc
Part of the The Springer Series in Adult Development and Aging book series (SSAD)


Mental retardation is a condition characterized by impaired or below average cognitive functioning, concurrent deficits in adaptive abilities and manifested before the age of 18 (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). The diagnosis is usually based on the results of an individually administered test of cognitive abilities (IQ test) and an assessment of adaptive behavior. Within the condition of mental retardation, four levels of severity have been described (APA, 1994). Each of these categories is noted below.


Urinary Incontinence Mental Retardation Elderly Person Sleep Problem Developmental Disability 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johnny L. Matson
    • 1
  • Linda A. LeBlanc
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA

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