The Beginning of the Upper Paleolithic

The Bohunicians, Szeletians, and Aurignacians
  • Jiří Svoboda
  • Vojen Ložek
  • Emanuel Vlček
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)


With the Upper Paleolithic, anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) appeared on the European scene. Correlations of the changes in biology and in behavior, as well as the search for behavioral differences between the moderns and the archaics, have been the subject of research for over a century (Mellars, 1989). The Central European record suggests that not all of the changes traditionally associated with the Upper Paleolithic, especially the technological ones, can be ascribed only to modern humans: some may have been earlier and some later (Svoboda, 1993c). On the other hand, the Early Upper Paleolithic (EUP) archaeological record is being enriched by the first sound evidence of symbolic behavior, as reflected in Aurignacian art (Hahn, 1986).


Archaeological Record Modern Human Bohemian Massif Exploitation Area Rock Crystal 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Svoboda
    • 1
  • Vojen Ložek
    • 2
  • Emanuel Vlček
    • 3
  1. 1.Academy of SciencesBrno-Dolní VěstoniceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.National MuseumPragueCzech Republic

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