Sociopsychological Environments of Japanese Schools as Perceived by School Students

  • Masaaki Asai
  • Sonomi Hirata


Based on Barker’s ecological psychology, Gump (1980) reviewed research relevant to perception of the school setting in the framework of “the school as social situation” and emphasized the important role of the social aspect of school settings.


High School Student Subscale Score Classroom Environment System Maintenance Junior High School Student 
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  2. Gump, E Y. (1980). The school as a social situation Annual Review of Psychology, 31 553–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hirata, S. (1994). Perception of classroom environment by junior high school student. Some characteristics of nonattendant student. Master’s Thesis submitted to Waseda Univ. (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Moos, R. H. (1987). Correctional institutions environment scale manual (2nd ed.). California: Consulting Psychologist Press.Google Scholar
  5. Moos, R. (1974). School environment scale manual.California: Consulting Psychologist Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaaki Asai
    • 1
  • Sonomi Hirata
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, College of Humanities and SciencesNihon UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Human Sciences, Graduate SchoolWaseda UniversitySaitamaJapan

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