Commonalities and Contrasts in the Organization of the Maize and Sorghum Nuclear Genomes

  • Jeffrey L. Bennetzen
  • Chang-Nong Liu
  • Phillip SanMiguel
  • Patricia S. Springer
  • Young-Kwan Jin
  • Carolyn A. Zanta
  • Zoya Avramova
Part of the Stadler Genetics Symposia Series book series (SGSS)

Abstract

Analysis of plant genome organization has long been the realm of plant geneticists and cytogeneticists. The multipartite (several chromosome) nature of the nuclear genome, heritable and line-specific variations in the cytology or number of chromosomes (Blakeslee, 1922; Randolph and McClintock, 1926; Stadler, 1928; Kostoff, 1929; Philip and Huskins, 1931; McClintock, 1932; Creighton, 1934; Sears, 1939; Swanson, 1940), the linear order of genes whose linkage could be determined by analysis of crossover exchanges in meiosis, the physical exchange of chromosomal segments associated with recombination (Creighton and McClintock, 1931), the properties of telomeres (McClintock, 1941), the behavior of primary and secondary constrictions as centromeres in mitosis and meiosis (Prakken and Muntzing, 1942; Rhoades and Vilkomerson, 1942), the contribution of a particular chromosomal segment (the nucleolar organizer, NOR) to formation of the nucleolus (McClintock, 1934), the existence and preferential transmission of supernumerary (B) chromosomes (Longley, 1927; Darlington and Thomas, 1941; Roman, 1947), the biology of one class of highly repetitive DNA (the knob satellite) (Rhoades and Dempsey, 1966; Peacock et al., 1981), and the properties of a key class of middle repetitive DNAs (transposable elements) (McClintock, 1950) were all identified in plants concurrent with, or prior to, their discovery in other species. Much of this initial work was performed with maize, partly due to the early and excellent characterization of its karyotypic properties (Longley, 1924).

Keywords

Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Sorghum Genome Grass Genome Sorghum Chromosome Comparative Genome Mapping 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey L. Bennetzen
    • 1
  • Chang-Nong Liu
    • 1
  • Phillip SanMiguel
    • 1
  • Patricia S. Springer
    • 1
  • Young-Kwan Jin
    • 1
  • Carolyn A. Zanta
    • 1
  • Zoya Avramova
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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