Characterization of Antifreeze Proteins from Winter Rye
When winter settles upon the landscape and the soil and lakes have frozen, it is important to realize that many biological organisms have frozen too. After a period of acclimatization to cold autumn temperatures and short daylengths, multicellular organisms ranging from fungi to perennial plants to frogs develop the ability to survive subzero temperatures by forming ice within their tissues. Freezing does not occur throughout these organisms; instead, ice forms only outside the cells in specific locations within the tissues.
KeywordsCold Acclimation Antifreeze Protein Freezing Event Antifreeze Activity Apoplastic Protein
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Griffith M, Antikainen M (1996) Extracellular ice formation in freezing-tolerant plants. Adv Low-Temp Biol 3: in press.Google Scholar
- Knight CA, DeVries AL (1989) Melting inhibition and superheating of ice by an antifreeze glycopeptide. Science 24: 305–7Google Scholar
- Tronsmo AM (1985) Induced resistance to biotic stress factors in grasses by frost hardening. In Å Kaurin, O Junttila, J Nilsen, eds, Plant Production in the North. Norwegian University Press, Tromsø, Norway, pp 127–133Google Scholar
- Tronsmo AM (1993) Resistance to winter stress factors in half-sib families of Dactylis glomerata, tested in a controlled environment. Acta Agric Scand 43: 89–96Google Scholar