Genetic Control of Cold Hardiness in Blueberry

  • Rajeev Arora
  • Lisa J. Rowland
  • Ganesh R. Panta
  • Chon-Chong Lim
  • Jeffrey S. Lehman
  • Nicholi Vorsa

Abstract

Winter hardiness in woody perennials depends on the complex integration of two phenological events: endodormancy and development of cold hardiness (cold acclimation; CA) (Powell 1987). Exposure to low temperatures during fall and winter, which plays a role in CA, is also required for breaking endodormancy and resumption of growth the following spring (Scalabrelli and Couvillion 1986). This requirement, called chilling requirement (CR), is genetically determined (Hauagge and Cummins, 1991, Samish, 1954). Although limited in number, most studies indicate that cold hardiness (CH) is a complex trait with polygenic inheritance. Despite their integral role in the life cycle of woody perennials, studies aimed at elucidating genetic control of CH and CR are scarce.

Keywords

Cold Acclimation Cold Hardiness Backcross Population Chilling Requirement Woody Perennial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arora R, Rowland LJ, Panta GR (1997) Chill-responsive dehydrins in blueberry: Are they associated with cold hardiness or dormancy transitions? Physiol Plant (In press)Google Scholar
  2. Beaver RJ, Mosjidis JA (1988) Important considerations in the analysis of generation means. Euphytica 39: 233–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen X, Line RF (1995) Gene action in wheat cultivars for durable, high-temperature, adult-plant resistance and interaction with race-specific, seedling resistance to Puccinia stiiformis. Phytopathology 85: 567–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Falconer DS (1989) Introduction to quantitative genetics, Ed 3. Longman Scientific and Technical, p 438Google Scholar
  5. Fear CD, Lauer FI, Luby JJ, Stucker RL (1985) Genetic components of variance for winter injury, fall growth cessation, and off-season flowering in blueberry progenies. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 110: 262–266Google Scholar
  6. Hancock JF, Draper AD (1989) Blueberry culture in North America. Hort Science 24: 551–556Google Scholar
  7. Hauagge R, Cummins JN (1991) Genetics of length of dormancy period in Malus vegetative buds. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 116: 121–126Google Scholar
  8. Hummel RL, Ascher PD, Pellet HM (1982) Inheritance of the photoperiodically induced cold acclimation response in Cornus sericea L., red-osier dogwood. Theor Appl Genet 62: 385–394Google Scholar
  9. Mather SK, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical Genetics: The Study of Continuous Variation. Ed 3. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 65–76Google Scholar
  10. Pan A, Hayes PM, Chen F, Chen THH, Blake T, Wright S, Karsai I, Bedo Z (1994) Genetic analisis of the components of winterhardiness in barley. Theor Appl Genet 89: 900–910Google Scholar
  11. Powell LE (1987) Hormonal aspects of bud and seed dormancy in temperate-zone woody plants. Hort Science 22: 845–850Google Scholar
  12. Pritts MP, Hancock JF, eds. (1992) Highbush blueberry production guide. Cooperative Extension Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  13. Samish RM (1954) Dormancy in woody plants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 5: 183–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Scalabrelli G, Couvillion GA (1986) The effect of temperature and bud type on rest completion and the GDH°C requirement for budbreak in ‘Redhaven’ peach. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 111: 537–540Google Scholar
  15. Stone JM, Palta JP, Bamberg, JB, Weiss LS, Harbage JF (1993) Inheritance of freezing resistance in tuber-bearing Solanum species: Evidence for independent genetic control of nonacclimated freezing tolerance and cold acclimation ability. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90: 7869–7873PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Stushnoff C, Juntilla O, Kaurin A (1983) Genetics and breeding for cold hardiness in woody plants. In A Kaurin, O Juntilla, J Nilsen, eds, Plant Production in the North. Norweigian University Press, Tromso, Norway, pp141–156Google Scholar
  17. Sutka J (1981) Genetic studies of frost resistance in wheat. Theor Appl Genet 59: 145–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Watkins R, Spangelo LPS (1970) Components of genetic variance for plant survival and vigor of apple trees. Theor Appl Genet 40: 195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajeev Arora
    • 1
  • Lisa J. Rowland
    • 2
  • Ganesh R. Panta
    • 2
  • Chon-Chong Lim
    • 1
  • Jeffrey S. Lehman
    • 3
  • Nicholi Vorsa
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Plant and Soil Sciences, College of Agriculture and ForestryWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARSFruit LaboratoryBeltsvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Life and Earth SciencesOtterbein CollegeWestervilleUSA
  4. 4.Rutgers Blueberry and Cranberry Research CenterChatsworthUSA

Personalised recommendations