The Idea of Emancipation in Total Systems Intervention
The framework of Total Systems Intervention (TSI), proposed by Flood and Jackson (1991), has been a subject of intense debate over the past few years. Several comments have been made on issues concerning the theory and practice of this framework. Questions have been raised regarding the classification of problem contexts, the inconsistency between the two phases — creativity and choice, and issues concerning practice (Mingers, 1992; Tsoukas, 1993; Cummings, 1994).
KeywordsCritical Theory Problem Context Viable System Model Weak Group Present Interpretation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bhagvadgita, Chapter 3, Gunatrya Vibhagayoga, Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Department, Pondicherry. Cummings, S., 1994, An open letter to Total Systems Intervention (TSI) and friends: A postmodern remedy to make everybody feel better, Systems Practice, 7(5): 575-587.Google Scholar
- Flood, R.L. and M.C. Jackson, 1991, Creative Problem Solving: Total Systems Intervention, John Wiley & Sons: Chichester.Google Scholar
- Mingers, J., 1980, Towards an appropriate social theory for applied systems thinking: Critical theory and soft systems methodology, Journal of Applied Systems A nalysis, 7: 41–49.Google Scholar
- Mingers, J., 1992, Recent developments in critical management science, Journal of Operational Research Society, 43(1): 1–10.Google Scholar
- Ulrich, W., 1983, Critical Systems Heuristics of Social Planning: A New Approach to Practical Philosophy, Paul Haupt: Bern/Stuttgart.Google Scholar